|Mature red pine stand with natural regeneration after shelterwood cut. (A. Ek)
Natural seeding during good seed years can successfully establish seedlings on prepared seedbeds, such as those prepared by summer prescribed burning under a mature stand. Scarifying the soil may also be successful if shrubs are not present.
Somewhat better results have been experienced by covering red pine seed with 0.25 inches of soil but it may be more expedient to broadcast more seed on the surface than to use less seed and cover it. It is easier to cover the seed when sowing 5 to 10 seeds in prepared spots. Direct seeding in general has not been successful because of inadequate site preparation, inadequate moisture, or loss of seeds to birds or rodents. There is also less control of stocking following direct seeding.