This section provides an overview of site preparation, planting, and release treatments for red pine. The practices have application for meeting a wide range of management objectives including income, habitat, and recreation/aesthetics focused management.
Artificial regeneration is emphasized because relatively little work has been conducted on the natural regeneration of red pine and few managers have experience with the practice. Indeed, managers often eschew the notion of natural regeneration and the practice of direct seeding of red pine in favor of plantation establishment. Limited information on red pine natural regeneration does suggest that:
- Natural regeneration is best on shaded mineral soil,
- Shading down to 25% of full light does not affect early survival or height growth,
- Mechanical site preparation has greater efficacy in reducing competing vegetation than prescribed burning, and
pine seedlings (link to
and saplings under