Forests and Fungal Communities
- Science Theme:
- Forest Disturbance Processes
- Science Topic
- Monitoring and assessment of forest health
- Science Theme:
- Sustaining Forests
- Science Topics
- Methods to conserve and enhance forest resources - biodiversity
- Forest resource monitoring and assessment
- Understanding the ecological roles of natural disturbance
Forest fungi are incredibly diverse in genetic makeup and physical appearance and they fill a wide range of roles in the ecosystem.
We use microscopic and molecular identification techniques to identify fungi. We use many different methods and approaches to study the relationships between fungal communities and their forest. Projects include:
- Analysis of above-ground and below-ground fungal communities associated with biomass harvesting and biofuels production in the Western United States. This research investigates the effects of different forest management practices and soil amendments.
- Analysis of soil fungal communities at forest plantations in a semi-humid, continental monsoon climate in China. This research identifies wood-stake inhabiting soil fungi through next generation high-throughput genetic sequencing.
- Analysis of wood decomposition by white and brown rot fungi. This research uses thin sectioning, staining, light microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to identify the types and extent of wood decay.
- Education and outreach about fungal forest pathogens at the University of Wisconsin – Madison. Because of a recent decline in the number of forest pathologists worldwide, our scientists make a special effort to pass on their knowledge of fungi and the roles of fungi in forests to the next generation of forest managers.
These studies increase knowledge of fungal communities in forest ecosystems around the world with the ultimate goal of making forestry and forest restoration more sustainable and successful. Our research on the effects of biomass harvesting on fungal communities and dead wood material supports harvesting guidelines. We make our data on vouchered fungal specimens available to scientists around the world and scientists of the future through online DNA sequence databases like GenBank. Our research on wood decay fungi provides useful information for forest managers who need to understand humus, organic matter, and nutrient availability under different climatic conditions. Our wood-block microcosm studies show wood decay patterns under controlled conditions, allowing us to tease out complex relationships between fungi, trees and other forest organisms.
Nakasone, Karen K.; Draeger, Kymberly R.; Ortiz-Santana, Beatriz 2017. A Contribution to the Taxonomy of Rhizochaete (Polyporales, Basidiomycota). Cryptogamie, Mycologie. 38(1): 81-99. https://doi.org/10.7872/crym/v38.iss1.2017.81.
Brazee, Nicholas J.; Lindner, Daniel L.; Fraver, Shawn; D'Amato, Anthony W.; Milo, Amy M. 2012. Wood-inhabiting, polyporoid fungi in aspen-dominated forests managed for biomass in the U.S. Lake States. Fungal Ecology. 5: 600-609.
Lindner, Daniel L.; Vasaitis, Rimvydas; Kubartova, Ariana; Allmer, Johan; Johannesson, Hanna; Banik, Mark T.; Stenlid, Jan. 2011. Initial fungal colonizer affects mass loss and fungal community development in Picea abies logs 6 yr after inoculation. Fungal Ecology. 4: 449-460.
Lindner, Daniel L; Burdsall, Harold H.; Stanosz, Glen R. 2006. Species diversity of polyporoid and corticioid fungi in northern hardwood forests with differing management histories. Mycologia. Vol. 98, no. 2 (2006): pages 195-217.
Maynard, Daniel S.; Bradford, Mark A.; Lindner, Daniel L.; van Diepen, Linda T. A.; Frey, Serita D.; Glaeser, Jessie A.; Crowther, Thomas W. 2017. Diversity begets diversity in competition for space. Nature Ecology & Evolution
- Kymberly R. Draeger, US Forest Service - Volunteer
- Daniel L. Lindner, US Forest Service Northern Research Station, Research Plant Pathologist
- Glen R. Stanosz, University of Wisconsin – Madison
- Karen Nakasone, US Forest Service Northern Research Station, Research Botanist (retired)
- Katie M. Ohno, US Forest Service, Student Trainee Biological Sciences
- John Haight, US Forest Service - Biological Science Laboratory Technician
- Deborah S. Page-Dumroese, US Forest Service Rocky Mountain Reserach Station, Research Soil Scientist
- Wei Wei Wang, Beijing Forestry University
- Lynne Boddy, Cardiff University
- Douglas Rouse, University of Wisconsin – Madison
- Last modified: September 11, 2018