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Baltimore Field Station

Additional Resources

Baltimore Department of Planning, Office of Sustainability. 2015. Green pattern book: using vacant land to create greener neighborhoods in Baltimore. NRS-INF-32-15. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 109 p.


Baltimore's Green Registry - publicly accessible, interactive map that allows City agencies, NGOs, community-based organizations, and individual residents to register and map their own greening activities on vacant land


Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) tools help decision makers understand their urban forest resources. UTC assessments quantify the amount of tree canopy that currently exists and the amount that could exist in terms of land use and ownership. UTC Prioritization help stakeholders prioritize where to plant or conserve trees and build partnerships. UTC Marketing Analysis is used to track and evaluate where implementation of prioritization strategies have been most effective in terms of place and people.


STEW-MAP seeks to answer: Who, what, where, why and how are environmental stewardship groups working across the urban landscape?


i-Tree software helps communities of all sizes to strengthen their urban forest management and advocacy efforts by quantifying the structure of community trees and the environmental services that trees provide.

Publications & Products

Publications are listed in reverse chronological order.

All data associated with this research is archived on the Baltimore Ecosystem Study website.


Anderson, Elsa C.; Avolio, Meghan L.; Sonti, Nancy F.; LaDeau, Shannon L. 2021. More than green: Tree structure and biodiversity patterns differ across canopy change regimes in Baltimore's urban forest. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

Edgar, Christopher ; Nowak, David ; Majewsky, Mark ; Lister, Tonya ; Westfall, James ; Sonti, Nancy F. 2021. Strategic National Urban Forest Inventory for the United States. Journal of Forestry

Grove, Morgan ; Lehnen, Joe ; Repka, Marisa ; Carroll, Jeff ; Divine, Kari ; Paul, Scott ; Fernholz, Katie ; Freeman, Steve ; Fisher, Cherie ; Hines, Sarah ; Rodbell, Phil 2021. Urban wood roundtable. City Trees: Journal of the Society of Municipal Arborists

Kwon, T. ; Shibata, H. ; Kepfer-Rojas, S. ; Schmidt, I.K. ; Larsen, K.S. ; Beier, C. ; Berg, B. ; Verheyen, K. ; Lamarque, J-F ; Hagedorn, F. ; Eisenhauer, N. ; Djukic, I. ; Caliman, A. ; Paquette, A. ; Gutiérrez-Girón, A. ; Petraglia, A. ; Augustaitis, A. ; Saillard, A. ; Ruiz-Fernández, A.C. ; Sousa, A.I. ; Lillebř, A.I. ; da Rocha Gripp, A. ; Lamprecht, A. ; Bohner, A. ; Francez, A-J ; Malyshev, A. ; Andric, A. ; Stanisci, A. ; Zolles, A. ; Avila, A. ; Virkkala, A-M ; Probst, A. ; Ouin, A. ; Khuroo, A.A. ; Verstraeten, A. ; Stefanski, A. ; Muys, B. ; Gozalo, B. ; Ahrends, B. ; Yang, B. ; Erschbamer, B. ; Christiansen, C.T. ; Centre Norwegian Research, ; Meredieu, C. ; Mony, C. ; Nock, C. ; Wang, C-P ; Baum, C. ; Rixen, C. ; Delire, C. ; Piscart, C. ; Andrews, C. ; Branquinho, C. ; Jan, D. ; Vujanovic, D. ; Adair, E.C. ; Crawford, E.R. ; Hornung, E. ; Groner, E. ; Lucot, E. ; Gacia, E. ; Lévesque, E. ; Benedito, E. ; Davydov, E.A. ; Bolzan Padilha, F. ; Maestre, F.T. ; Maunoury-Danger, F. ; Kitz, F. ; Hofhansl, F. ; Sutter, F. ; de Almeida Lobo, F. ; Souza, F.L. ; Zehetner, F. ; Koffi, F.K. ; Certini, G. ; Pinha, G.D. ; González, G. ; Pauli, H. ; Bahamonde, H.A. ; Feldhaar, H. ; Jäger, H. ; Serrano, H.C. ; Verheyden, H. ; Bruelheide, H. ; Meesenburg, H. ; Jungkunst, H. ; Jactel, H. ; Kurokawa, H. ; Yesilonis, I. ; van Halder, I. ; García Quirós, I. ; Fekete, I. ; Ostonen, I. ; Borovská, J. ; Roales, J. ; Shoqeir, J. ; Probst, J-L ; Vijayanathan, J. ; Dolezal, J. ; Sanchez-Cabeza, J-A ; Merlet, J. ; Loehr, J. ; von Oppen, J. ; Löffler, J. ; Benito Alonso, J.L. ; Cardoso-Mohedano, J-G ; Morina, J.C. ; Jiménez, J.J. ; Alatalo, J.M. ; Seeber, J. ; Kemppinen, J. ; Stadler, J. ; Kriiska, K. ; Van den Meersche, K. ; Fukuzawa, K. ; Szlavecz, K. ; Gerhátová, K. ; Lajtha, K. ; Hoshizaki, K. ; Green, K. ; Steinbauer, K. ; Pazianoto, L. ; Dienstbach, L. ; Yahdjian, L. ; Williams, L.J. ; van den Brink, L. ; Rustad, L. ; Carneiro, L.S. ; Di Martino, L. ; Villar, L. ; Morley, M. ; Lebouvier, M. ; Tomaselli, M. ; Schaub, M. ; Glushkova, M. ; Almazan-Torres, M.G. ; de Graaff, M-A ; Bauters, M. ; Mazón, M. ; Frenzel, M. ; Wagner, M. ; Didion, M. ; Hamid, M. ; Lopes, M. ; Apple, M. ; Mojses, M. ; Gualmini, M. ; Vadeboncoeur, M. ; Danger, M. ; Scherer-Lorenzen, M. ; Ružek, M. ; Isabellon, M. ; Di Musciano, M. ; Carbognani, M. ; Zhiyanski, M. ; Puscas, M. ; Barna, M. ; Ataka, M. ; Luoto, M. ; Alsafaran, M.H. ; Barsoum, N. ; Korboulewsky, N. ; Lecomte, N. ; Filippova, N. ; Hölzel, N. ; Ferlian, O. ; Romero, O. ; Pinto-Jr, O. ; Peri, P. ; Turtureanu, P.D. ; Haase, P. ; Macreadie, P. ; Reich, P.B. ; Petrík, P. ; Choler, P. ; Marmonier, P. ; Ponette, Q. ; Guariento, R.D. ; Canessa, R. ; Kiese, R. ; Kanka, R. ; Gatti, R.C. ; Martins, R.L. ; Ogaya, R. ; Georges, R. ; Gavilán, R.G. ; Wittlinger, S. ; Suzuki, S. ; Martin, S. ; Anja, S. ; Gogo, S. ; Schueler, S. ; Drollinger, S. ; Mereu, S. ; Wipf, S. ; Trevathan-Tackett, S. ; Stoll, S. ; Löfgren, S. ; Trogisch, S. ; Seitz, S. ; Glatzel, S. ; Venn, S. ; Dousset, S. ; Mori, T. ; Sato, T. ; Hishi, T. ; Nakaji, T. ; Theurillat, J-P ; Camboulive, T. ; Spiegelberger, T. ; Scholten, T. ; Mozdzer, T.J. ; Rusnák, T. ; Ramaswiela, T. ; Enoki, T. ; Ursu, T-M ; Morra di Cella, U. ; Hamer, U. ; Klaus, V. ; Cecco, V.D. ; Rego, V. ; Fontana, V. ; Piscová, V. ; Bretagnolle, V. ; Maire, V. ; Farjalla, V. ; Pascal, V. ; Zhou, W. ; Luo, W. ; Parker, W. ; Utsumi, Y. ; Kominami, Y. ; Kotroczó, Z. ; Tóth, Z. 2021. Effects of Climate and Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition on Early to Mid-Term Stage Litter Decomposition Across Biome. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change

Kwon, TaeOh ; Shibata, Hideaki ; Kepfer-Rojas, Sebastian ; Schmidt, Inger K.; Larsen, Klaus S.; Beier, Claus ; Berg, Björn ; Verheyen, Kris ; Lamarque, Jean-Francois ; Hagedorn, Frank ; Eisenhauer, Nico ; Djukic, Ika ; Gonzalez, Grizelle; Yesilonis, Ian; Rustad, Lindsey 2021. Effects of Climate and Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition on Early to Mid-Term Stage Litter Decomposition Across Biomes. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change

Locke, Dexter H.; Hall, Billy ; Grove, J. Morgan; Pickett, Steward T. A.; Ogden, Laura A.; Aoki, Carissa ; Boone, Christopher G.; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath P. M. 2021. Residential housing segregation and urban tree canopy in 37 US Cities. npj Urban Sustainability

Martinuzzi, Sebastián ; Locke, Dexter H.; Ramos-González, Olga ; Sanchez, Monika ; Grove, J. Morgan; Muńoz-Erickson, Tischa A.; Arendt, Wayne J.; Bauer, Gerald 2021. Exploring the relationships between tree canopy cover and socioeconomic characteristics in tropical urban systems: The case of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

Ponte, Sarah ; Sonti, Nancy F.; Phillips, Tuana H.; Pavao-Zuckerman, Mitchell A. 2021. Transpiration rates of red maple (Acer rubrum L.) differ between management contexts in urban forests of Maryland, USA. Scientific Reports

Sinha, Paramita ; Coville, Robert C.; Hirabayashi, Satoshi ; Lim, Brian ; Endreny, Theodore A.; Nowak, David J. 2021. Modeling lives saved from extreme heat by urban tree cover. Ecological Modelling

Sonti, Nancy Falxa. 2021. Urban plant ecophysiology. In: Barbosa, Pedro, ed. Urban ecology: it’s nature and challenges. Boston, MA: CABI Publishing: 67-84. Chapter 4.ż

Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Griffin, Kevin L.; Hallett, Richard A.; Sullivan, Joe H. 2021. Photosynthesis, fluorescence, and biomass responses of white oak seedlings to urban soil and air temperature effects. Physiologia Plantarum

Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Henning, Jason G.; Yesilonis, Ian D.; Hoehn, Robert E.; Nowak, David J. 2021. Baltimore's Urban Forest, 1999-2014. Resour. Bull. NRS-124. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 38 p.

Zukswert, Jenna M.; Hallett, Richard ; Bailey, Scott W.; Sonti, Nancy F. 2021. Using regional forest nutrition data to inform urban tree management in the northeastern United States. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

Avolio, Meghan ; Blanchette, Allison ; Sonti, Nancy F.; Locke, Dexter H. 2020. Time Is Not Money: Income Is More Important Than Lifestage for Explaining Patterns of Residential Yard Plant Community Structure and Diversity in Baltimore. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution

Huff, Emily S.; Johnson, Michelle ; Roman, Lara ; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Pregitzer, Clara C.; Campbell, Lindsay ; McMillen, Heather 2020. A literature review of resilience in urban forestry. Arboriculture and Urban Forestry. 46(3): 185-196.ż

Locke, Dexter H.; York, Abigail ; Grove, J. Morgan. 2020. Know your watershed and know your neighbor: Paths to supporting urban watershed conservation and restoration in Baltimore, MD and Phoenix, AZ. Landscape and Urban Planning

Pickett, Steward ; Cadenasso, Mary ; Baker, Matthew ; Band, Lawrence ; Boone, Christopher ; Buckley, Geoffrey ; Groffman, Peter ; Grove, J Morgan; Irwin, Elena ; Kaushal, Sujay ; LaDeau, Shannon ; Miller, Andrew ; Nilon, Charles ; Romolini, Michele ; Rosi, Emma ; Swan, Christopher ; Szlavecz, Katalin 2020. Theoretical Perspectives of the Baltimore Ecosystem Study: Conceptual Evolution in a Social–Ecological Research Project. BioScience

Pouyat, Richard V; Day, Susan D.; Brown, Sally ; Schwarz, Kirsten ; Shaw, Richard E.; Szlavecz, Katalin ; Trammell, Tara L. E.; Yesilonis, Ian D. 2020. Urban Soils. In: Pouyat, Richard V.; Page-Dumroese, Deborah S.; Patel-Weynand, Toral; Geiser, Linda H., editors. 2020. Forest and rangeland soils of the United States under changing conditions: A comprehensive science synthesis. Springer, Cham.

Sonti, Nancy ; Hallett, Richard ; Griffin, Kevin ; Trammell, Tara ; Sullivan, Joe H. 2020. Chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, leaf traits and foliar chemistry of white oak and red maple trees in urban forest patches. Tree Physiology

Sonti, Nancy Falxa. 2020. Ambivalence in the Woods: Baltimore Resident Perceptions of Local Forest Patches. Society & Natural Resources

Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Johnson, Michelle L.; Novem Auyeung, D.S. 2020. Fear and fascination: Use and perceptions of New York City’s forests, wetlands, and landscaped park areas. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

Westfall, James A.; Nowak, David J.; Henning, Jason G.; Lister, Tonya W.; Edgar, Christopher B.; Majewsky, Mark A.; Sonti, Nancy F. 2020. Crown width models for woody plant species growing in urban areas of the U.S.. Urban Ecosystems

Westfall, James A.; Sonti, Nancy F.; Wiemann, Michael C.; Eberhardt, Thomas L.; So, Chi-Leung 2020. Urban tree specific gravity and ash content: A case study from Baltimore, Maryland USA. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika ; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Hines, Sarah J.; Maddox, David. 2019. Green Readiness, Response, and Recovery: A Collaborative Synthesis
Titles contained within Green Readiness, Response, and Recovery: A Collaborative Synthesis

Epp Schmidt, Dietrich J.; Kotze, David Johan; Hornung, Erzsébet ; Setälä, Heikki ; Yesilonis, Ian ; Szlavecz, Katalin ; Dombos, Miklós ; Pouyat, Richard ; Cilliers, Sarel ; Tóth, Zsolt ; Yarwood, Stephanie 2019. Metagenomics Reveals Bacterial and Archaeal Adaptation to Urban Land-Use: N Catabolism, Methanogenesis, and Nutrient Acquisition. Frontiers in Microbiology

Giardina, Christian ; Goldstein, Bruce Evan; Grove, Morgan ; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika ; McMillen, Heather 2019. A proposed multi-agency program for stewardship science. In: Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Hines, Sarah J.; Maddox, David, eds. Green readiness, response, and recovery: A collaborative synthesis. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-185. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 324-339.

Grove, Jonathan Morgan; Pickett, Steward T.A. 2019. From transdisciplinary projects to platforms: expanding capacity and impact of land systems knowledge and decision making. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability

Hines, Sarah J.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Svendsen, Erika ; Maddox, David 2019. Background. In: Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Hines, Sarah J.; Maddox, David, eds. Green readiness, response, and recovery: A collaborative synthesis. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-185. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 14-20.

Hines, Sarah J.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Svendsen, Erika ; Maddox, David 2019. Epilogue: Tracing the lines between storytelling, science, and recovery outcomes. In: Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Hines, Sarah J.; Maddox, David, eds. Green readiness, response, and recovery: A collaborative synthesis. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-185. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 340-343.

Johnson, Michelle L.; Locke, Dexter H.; Svendsen, Erika ; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Westphal, Lynne M.; Romolini, Michele ; Grove, J. Morgan. 2019. Context matters: influence of organizational, environmental, and social factors on civic environmental stewardship group intensity. Ecology and Society

Johnson, Michelle L.; Novem Auyeung, D.S. ; Sonti, Nancy F.; Pregitzer, Clara C.; McMillen, Heather L.; Hallett, Richard ; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Forgione, Helen M.; Kim, Mina ; Charlop-Powers, Sarah ; Svendsen, Erika S. 2019. Social-ecological research in urban natural areas: an emergent process for integration. Urban Ecosystems

Locke, Dexter H.; Polsky, Colin ; Grove, J. Morgan; Groffman, Peter M.; Nelson, Kristen C.; Larson, Kelli L.; Cavender-Bares, Jeannine ; Heffernan, James B.; Chowdhury, Rinku Roy; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Bettez, Neil D.; Hall, Sharon J.; Neill, Christopher ; Ogden, Laura ; O’Neil-Dunne, Jarlath 2019. Residential household yard care practices along urban-exurban gradients in six climatically-diverse U.S. metropolitan areas. PLOS ONE

Ogden, Laura A.; Aoki, Carissa ; Grove, J. Morgan; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Hall, William ; Locke, Dexter ; Pickett, Steward T. A.; Avins, Miriam ; Lautar, Katie ; Lagrosa, John 2019. Forest ethnography: An approach to study the environmental history and political ecology of urban forests. Urban Ecosystems

Sonti, Nancy F.; Hallett, Richard A.; Griffin, Kevin L.; Sullivan, Joe H. 2019. White oak and red maple tree ring analysis reveals enhanced productivity in urban forest patches. Forest Ecology and Management

Djukic, Ika; Kepfer-Rojas, Sebastian; Schmidt, Inger Kappel; Larsen, Klaus Steenberg; Beier, Claus; Berg, Björn; Verheyen, Kris; Caliman, Adriano; Paquette, Alain; Gutiérrez-Girón, Alba; Humber, Alberto; Valdecantos, Alejandro; Petraglia, Alessandro; Alexander, Heather; Augustaitis, Algirdas; Saillard, Amélie; Fernández, Ana Carolina Ruiz; Sousa, Ana I.; Lillebř, Ana I.; da Rocha Gripp, Anderson; Francez, André-Jean; Fischer, Andrea; Bohner, Andreas; Malyshev, Andrey; Andric, Andrijana; Smith, Andy; Stanisci, Angela; Seres, Anikó; Schmidt, Anja; Avila, Anna; Probst, Anne; Ouin, Annie; Khuroo, Anzar A.; Verstraeten, Arne; Palabral-Aguilera, Arely N.; Stefanski, Artur; Gaxiola, Aurora; Muys, Bart; Bosman, Bernard; Ahrends, Bernd; Parker, Bill; Sattler, Birgit; Yang, Bo; Juráni, Bohdan; Erschbamer, Brigitta; Ortiz, Carmen Eugenia Rodriguez; Christiansen, Casper T.; Carol Adair, E.; Meredieu, Céline; Mony, Cendrine; Nock, Charles A.; Chen, Chi-Ling; Wang, Chiao-Ping; Baum, Christel; Rixen, Christian; Delire, Christine; Piscart, Christophe; Andrews, Christopher; Rebmann, Corinna; Branquinho, Cristina; Polyanskaya, Dana; Delgado, David Fuentes; Wundram, Dirk; Radeideh, Diyaa; Ordóńez-Regil, Eduardo; Crawford, Edward; Preda, Elena; Tropina, Elena; Groner, Elli; Lucot, Eric; Hornung, Erzsébet; Gacia, Esperança; Lévesque, Esther; Benedito, Evanilde; Davydov, Evgeny A.; Ampoorter, Evy; Bolzan, Fabio Padilha; Varela, Felipe; Kristöfel, Ferdinand; Maestre, Fernando T.; Maunoury-Danger, Florence; Hofhansl, Florian; Kitz, Florian; Sutter, Flurin; Cuesta, Francisco; de Almeida Lobo, Francisco; de Souza, Franco Leandro; Berninger, Frank; Zehetner, Franz; Wohlfahrt, Georg; Vourlitis, George; Carreńo-Rocabado, Geovana; Arena, Gina; Pinha, Gisele Daiane; González, Grizelle; Additional, Authors; Yesilonis, Ian; Additional, Authors ; Rustad, Lindsey; et, al. 2018. Early stage litter decomposition across biomes. Science of The Total Environment

Grove, Morgan; Ogden, Laura; Pickett, Steward; Boone, Chris; Buckley, Geoff; Locke, Dexter H.; Lord, Charlie; Hall, Billy 2018. The Legacy Effect: Understanding How Segregation and Environmental Injustice Unfold over Time in Baltimore. Annals of the American Association of Geographers

Hallett, Richard; Johnson, Michelle L.; Sonti, Nancy F. 2018. Assessing the tree health impacts of salt water flooding in coastal cities: A case study in New York City. Landscape and Urban Planning

Maxwell, K. ; Grambsch, A. ; Kosmal, A. ; Larson, L. ; Sonti, N. 2018. Built Environment, Urban Systems, and Cities. In: Reidmiller, D.R.; Avery, C.W.; Easterling, D.R.; Kunkel, K.E.; Lewis, K.L.M.; Maycock, T.K.; Stewart, B.C., eds. 2018. Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II. Washington, DC: U.S. Global Change Research Program. pp. 438–478.

Meyfroidt, P. ; Roy Chowdhury, R. ; de Bremond, A. ; Ellis, E.C. ; Erb, K.-H ; Filatova, T. ; Garrett, R.D. ; Grove, J.M. ; Heinimann, A. ; Kuemmerle, T. ; Kull, C.A. ; Lambin, E.F. ; Landon, Y. ; le Polain de Waroux, Y. ; Messerli, P. ; Müller, D. ; Nielsen, J.Ř ; Peterson, G.D. ; Rodriguez García, V. ; Schlüter, M. ; Turner, B.L. ; Verburg, P.H. 2018. Middle-range theories of land system change. Global Environmental Change

Nowak, David J.; Bodine, Allison R.; Hoehn, Robert E.; Ellis, Alexis ; Hirabayashi, Satoshi ; Coville, Robert ; Auyeung, D.S. Novem; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Hallett, Richard A.; Johnson, Michelle L.; Stephan, Emily ; Taggart, Tom ; Endreny, Ted 2018. The urban forest of New York City. Resource Bulletin NRS-117. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 82 p

Pearse, William D.; Cavender-Bares, Jeannine ; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Avolio, Meghan L.; Bettez, Neil ; Roy Chowdhury, Rinku ; Darling, Lindsay E.; Groffman, Peter M.; Grove, J. Morgan; Hall, Sharon J.; Heffernan, James B.; Learned, Jennifer ; Neill, Christopher ; Nelson, Kristen C.; Pataki, Diane E.; Ruddell, Benjamin L.; Steele, Meredith K.; Trammell, Tara L. E. 2018. Homogenization of plant diversity, composition, and structure in North American urban yards. Ecosphere

Roman, Lara A.; Pearsall, Hamil; Eisenman, Theodore S.; Conway, Tenley M.; Fahey, Robert T.; Landry, Shawn; Vogt, Jess; van Doorn, Natalie S.; Grove, J. Morgan; Locke, Dexter H.; Bardekjian, Adrina C.; Battles, John J.; Cadenasso, Mary L.; van den Bosch, Cecil C. Konijnendijk; Avolio, Meghan; Berland, Adam; Jenerette, G. Darrel; Mincey, Sarah K.; Pataki, Diane E.; Staudhammer, Christina 2018. Human and biophysical legacies shape contemporary urban forests: A literature synthesis. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Svendsen, Erika S. 2018. Why Garden? Personal and Abiding Motivations for Community Gardening in New York City. Society & Natural Resources

Bodnaruk, E.W.; Kroll, C.N.; Yang, Y.; Hirabayashi, S.; Nowak, David; Endreny, T.A. 2017. Where to plant urban trees? A spatially explicit methodology to explore ecosystem service tradeoffs. Landscape and Urban Planning. 157: 457-467.

Buckley, Geoffrey L.; Boone, Christopher G.; Grove, J. Morgan 2017. The Greening of Baltimore's Asphalt Schoolyards. Geographical Review

Chuang, Wen-Ching; Boone, Christopher G.; Locke, Dexter H.; Grove, J. Morgan; Whitmer, Ali; Buckley, Geoffrey; Zhang, Sainan 2017. Tree canopy change and neighborhood stability: A comparative analysis of Washington, D.C. and Baltimore, MD. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

Groffman, Peter M.; Avolio, Meghan; Cavender-Bares, Jeannine; Bettez, Neil D.; Grove, J. Morgan; Hall, Sharon J.; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Larson, Kelli L.; Lerman, Susannah B.; Locke, Dexter H.; Heffernan, James B.; Morse, Jennifer L.; Neill, Christopher; Nelson, Kristen C.; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath; Pataki, Diane E.; Polsky, Colin; Chowdhury, Rinku Roy; Trammell, Tara L. E. 2017. Ecological homogenization of residential macrosystems. Nature Ecology & Evolution

Groffman, Peter M.; Cadenasso, Mary L.; Cavender-Bares, Jeannine ; Childers, Daniel L.; Grimm, Nancy B.; Grove, J. Morgan; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Hutyra, Lucy R.; Darrel Jenerette, G. ; McPhearson, Timon ; Pataki, Diane E.; Pickett, Steward T. A.; Pouyat, Richard V; Rosi-Marshall, Emma ; Ruddell, Benjamin L. 2017. Moving Towards a New Urban Systems Science. Ecosystems

He, Ke; Timm, Anne; Blaney, Lee 2017. Simultaneous determination of UV-filters and estrogens in aquatic invertebrates by modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe extraction and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A

Nguyen, Vi D.; Roman, Lara A.; Locke, Dexter H.; Mincey, Sarah K.; Sanders, Jessica R.; Smith Fichman, Erica; Duran-Mitchell, Mike; Lumban Tobing, Sarah 2017. Branching out to residential lands: Missions and strategies of five tree distribution programs in the U.S.. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

Olson, J. C.; Marcarelli, A. M.; Timm, A.L.; Eggert, S.L.; Kolka, R.K. 2017. Evaluating the Effects of Culvert Designs on Ecosystem Processes in Northern Wisconsin Streams. River Research and Applications

Pickett, S.T.A. ; Cadenasso, M.L. ; Rosi-Marshall, E.J. ; Belt, K.T. ; Groffman, P.M. ; Grove, J.M. ; Irwin, E.G. ; Kaushal, S.S. ; LaDeau, S.L. ; Nilon, C.H. ; Swan, C.M. ; Warren, P.S. 2017. Dynamic heterogeneity: a framework to promote ecological integration and hypothesis generation in urban systems. Urban Ecosystems

Synk, Colleen M.; Kim, Brent F.; Davis, Charles A.; Harding, James; Rogers, Virginia; Hurley, Patrick T.; Emery, Marla R.; Nachman, Keeve E. 2017. Gathering Baltimore's bounty: Characterizing behaviors, motivations, and barriers of foragers in an urban ecosystem. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

Timm, A.; Higgins, D.; Stanovick, J.; Kolka, R.; Eggert, S. 2017. Quantifying fish habitat associated with stream simulation design culverts in northern Wisconsin. River Research and Applications

Wheeler, Megan M.; Neill, Christopher ; Groffman, Peter M.; Avolio, Meghan ; Bettez, Neil ; Cavender-Bares, Jeannine ; Roy Chowdhury, Rinku ; Darling, Lindsay ; Grove, J. Morgan; Hall, Sharon J.; Heffernan, James B.; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Larson, Kelli L.; Morse, Jennifer L.; Nelson, Kristen C.; Ogden, Laura A.; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath ; Pataki, Diane E.; Polsky, Colin ; Steele, Meredith ; Trammell, Tara L.E. 2017. Continental-scale homogenization of residential lawn plant communities. Landscape and Urban Planning

Auyeung, D.S. Novem; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Johnson, Michelle; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Svendsen, Erika 2016. Reading the landscape: citywide social assessment of New York City parks and natural areas in 2013-2014. Social Assessment White Paper No. 2. New York, NY: New York Department of Parks and Recreation. 69 p.

Bixler, R Patrick; Johnson, Shawn; Emerson, Kirk; Nabatchi, Tina; Reuling, Melly; Curtin, Charles; Romolini, Michele; Grove, Morgan 2016. Networks and landscapes: a framework for setting goals and evaluating performance at the large landscape scale. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 14(3): 145-153.

Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Johnson, Michelle L. 2016. A social assessment of urban parkland: Analyzing park use and meaning to inform management and resilience planning. Environmental Science & Policy.

Grove, Morgan; Childers, Daniel L.; Galvin, Michael; Hines, Sarah J.; Munoz-Erickson, Tischa; Svendsen, Erika S. 2016. Linking science and decision making to promote an ecology for the city: practices and opportunities. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability. 2(9): e01239-.

Hall, Sharon J.; Learned, J.; Ruddell, B.; Larson, K.L.; Cavender-Bares, J.; Bettez, N.; Groffman, P.M.; Grove, Morgan; Heffernan, J.B.; Hobbie, S.E.; Morse, J.L.; Neill, C.; Nelson, K.C.; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath; Ogden, L.; Pataki, D.E.; Pearse, W.D.; Polsky, C.; Chowdhury, R. Roy; Steele, M.K.; Trammell, T.L.E. 2016. Convergence of microclimate in residential landscapes across diverse cities in the United States. Landscape Ecology. 31(1): 101-117.

Larson, K.L.; Nelson, K.C.; Samples, S.R.; Hall, S.J.; Bettez, N.; Cavender-Bares, J.; Groffman, P.M.; Grove, M.; Heffernan, J.B.; Hobbie, S.E.; Learned, J.; Morse, J.L.; Neill, C.; Ogden, L.A.; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath; Pataki, D.E.; Polsky, C.; Chowdhury, R. Roy; Steele, M.; Trammell, T.L.E. 2016. Ecosystem services in managing residential landscapes: priorities, value dimensions, and cross-regional patterns. Urban Ecosystems.

Locke, Dexter H.; Grove, J. Morgan 2016. Doing the hard work where it's easiest? Examining the relationships between urban greening programs and social and ecological characteristics. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy.

Locke, Dexter H.; Landry, Shawn M.; Grove, J. Morgan; Roy Chowdhury, Rinku 2016. What’s scale got to do with it? Models for urban tree canopy. Journal of Urban Ecology

Muńoz-Erickson, T.A.; Campbell, L.K.; Childers, D.L.; Grove, J.M.; Iwaniec, D.M.; Pickett, S.T.A.; Romolini, Michelle; Svendsen, Erika S. 2016. Demystifying governance and its role for transitions in urban social–ecological systems. Ecosphere, 7 (11), 1-11.

Pregitzer, Clara C.; Sonti, Nancy F.; Hallett, Richard A. 2016. Variability in urban soils influences the health and growth of native tree seedlings. Ecological Restoration. 34(2): 106-116.

Romolini, Michele; Bixler, R. Patrick; Grove, Morgan 2016. A Social-ecological framework for urban stewardship network research to promote sustainable and resilient cities. Sustainability. 8(10): 956. [15 p.].

Romolini, Michele; Grove, Morgan; Ventriss, Curtis L.; Koliba, Christopher J.; Krymkowski, Daniel H. 2016. Toward an understanding of citywide urban environmental governance: An examination of stewardship networks in Baltimore and Seattle. Environmental Management. 58(2): 254-267.

Schwarz, Kirsten; Pouyat, Richard; Yesilonis, Ian 2016. Legacies of Lead in Charm City's Soil: Lessons from the Baltimore Ecosystem Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 13(2): 209. 14 p.

Simmons, Brady L.; Hallett, Richard A.; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Auyeung, D. S. N.; Lu, Jacqueline W. T. 2016. Long-term outcomes of forest restoration in an urban park. Restoration Ecology. 24(1): 109-118.

Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Campbell, Lindsay; Johnson, Michelle; Daftary-Steel, S. 2016. Long-term outcomes of an urban farming internship program. Journal of Experiential Education. [19 p.].

Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Fisher, Dana R.; Connolly, James J.T.; Johnson, Michelle L.; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Locke, Dexter H.; Westphal, Lynne M.; Fisher, Cherie LeBlanc; Grove, Morgan; Romolini, Michele; Blahna, Dale J.; Wolf, Kathleen L. 2016. Stewardship mapping and assessment project: a framework for understanding community-based environmental stewardship. Gen. Tech. Rep. 156. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 134 p.

Swan, Christopher M.; Johnson, Anna; Nowak, David J.; Acosta, Alicia 2016. Differential organization of taxonomic and functional diversity in an urban woody plant metacommunity. Applied Vegetation Science

Timm, Anne; Hallerman, Eric; Dolloff, Andy; Hudy, Mark; Kolka, Randall 2016. Identification of a barrier height threshold where brook trout population genetic diversity, differentiation, and relatedness are affected. Environmental Biology of Fishes

Treemore-Spears, Lara J.; Grove, Morgan; Harris, Craig K.; Lemke, Lawrence D.; Miller, Carol J.; Pothukuchi, Kami; Zhang, Yifan; Zhang, Yongli L. 2016. A workshop on transitioning cities at the food-energy-water nexus. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences.

Troy, Austin; Nunery, Ashley; Grove, Morgan 2016. The relationship between residential yard management and neighborhood crime: An analysis from Baltimore City and County. Landscape and Urban Planning. 147: 78-87.

Yesilonis, Ian D.; Pouyat, R. V.; Russell-Anelli, J.; Powell, E. 2016. The effects of landscape cover on surface soils in a low density residential neighborhood in Baltimore, Maryland. Urban Ecosystems

Yesilonis, Ian; Szlavecz, K.; Pouyat, Richard; Whigham, D.; Xia, L. 2016. Historical land use and stand age effects on forest soil properties in the Mid-Atlantic US. Forest Ecology and Management. 370: 83-92.

Childers, Daniel L.; Cadenasso, Mary L.; Grove, J. Morgan; Marshall, Victoria; McGrath, Brian; Pickett, Steward T.A. 2015. An ecology for cities: A transformational nexus of design and ecology to advance climate change resilience and urban sustainability. Sustainability (special issue on sustainable urban development). 7: 3774-3791.

Grove, J. Morgan; Chowdhury, Rinku Roy; Childers, Daniel 2015. Co-design, co-production, and dissemination of social-ecological knowledge to promote sustainability and resilience: urban experiences from the U.S. Global Land Project News. 11(April): 6-11.

Heisler, Gordon; Ellis, Alexis; Nowak, David J.; Yesilonis, Ian 2015. Modeling and imaging land-cover influences on air-temperature in and near Baltimore, MD. Theoretical and Applied Climatology. 124(1-2): 497-515.

Kane, Brian; Warren, Paige S.; Lerman, Susannah B. 2015. A broad scale analysis of tree risk, mitigation and potential habitat for cavity-nesting birds. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 14(4): 1137-1146.

Lerman, Susannah B.; Sonti, Nancy F. 2015. U.S. Forest Service and partners deliver urban wildlife research in support of conservation and management. Cities and the Environment. 8(1): article 2. (3 p.).

Metson, Genevieve S.; Iwaniec, David M.; Baker, Lawrence A.; Bennett, Elena M.; Childers, Daniel L.; Cordell, Dana; Grimm, Nancy B.; Grove, J. Morgan; Nidzgorski, Daniel A.; White, Stuart 2015. Urban phosphorus sustainability: Systemically incorporating social, ecological, and technological factors into phosphorus flow analysis. Environmental Science & Policy 47: 1-11.

Oldfield, Emily E.; Felson, Alexander J.; Auyeung, D. S. Novem; Crowther, Thomas W.; Sonti, Nancy F.; Harada, Yoshiki; Maynard, Daniel S.; Sokol, Noah W.; Ashton, Mark S.; Warren, Robert J.; Hallett, Richard A.; Bradford, Mark A. 2015. Growing the urban forest: tree performance in response to biotic and abiotic land management. Restoration Ecology. 23(5): 707-718.

Pouyat, Richard V.; Yesilonis, Ian D.; Dombos, Miklos; Szlavecz, Katalin; Setala, Heikki; Cilliers, Sarel; Hornung, Erzsebet; Kotze, D. Johan; Yarwood, Stephanie 2015. A Global comparison of surface soil characteristics across five cities: A test of the urban ecosystem convergence hypothesis.. Soil Science. 180(4/5): 136-145.

Schwarz, Kirsten; Fragkias, Michail; Boone, Christopher G.; Zhou, Weiqi; McHale, Melissa; Grove, J. Morgan; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath; McFadden, Joseph P.; Buckley, Geoffrey L.; Childers, Dan; Ogden, Laura; Pincetl, Stephanie; Pataki, Diane; Whitmer, Ali; Cadenasso, Mary L.; Loiselle, Steven Arthur 2015. Trees grow on money: Urban tree canopy cover and environmental justice. PLOS ONE. 10(4): e0122051.

Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Sonti, Nancy F.; Baine, Gillian 2015. Urban stewardship as a catalyst for recovery and change. In: Brandt, D.H.; Nordenson, C.S., eds. Waterproofing New York. Urban Research. 2: 104-111.

Timm, Anne L.; Pierce, Rodney B. 2015. Vegetative substrates used by larval northern pike in Rainy and Kabetogama Lakes, Minnesota. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. 24(2): 225-233.

Battaglia, Michael; Buckley, Geoffrey L.; Galvin, Michael; Grove, Morgan 2014. It's not easy going green: Obstacles to tree-planting programs in East Baltimore. Cities and the Environment (CATE). 7(2):6.

Belt, Kenneth T.; Stack, William P.; Pouyat, Richard V.; Burgess, Kimberly; Groffman, Peter M.; Frost, William M.; Kaushal, Sujay S.; Hager, Guy 2014. Ultra-urban baseflow and stormflow concentrations and fluxes in a watershed undergoing restoration (WS263). In: Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, Stormwater 2012. 2012(5): 262-276.

Bigsby, Kevin M.; Ambrose, Mark J.; Tobin, Patrick C.; Sills, Erin O. 2014. The cost of gypsy moth sex in the city. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening

Birdsey, Richard; Pan, Yude; Janowiak, Maria; Stewart, Susan; Hines, Sarah; Parker, Linda; Gower, Stith; Lichstein, Jeremy; McCullough, Kevin; Zhang, Fangmin; Chen, Jing; Mladenoff, David; Wayson, Craig; Swanston, Chris 2014. Past and prospective carbon stocks in forests of northern Wisconsin: a report from the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest Climate Change Response Framework. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-127. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 52 p.

Boone, Christopher G.; Fragkias, Michail; Buckley, Geoffrey L.; Grove, J. Morgan 2014. A long view of polluting industry and environmental justice in Baltimore. Cities. 36: 41-49.

Campbell, Lindsay K.; Monaco, Morgan; Falxa-Raymond, Nancy; Lu, Jacqueline; Newman, Andrew; Rae, Ruth A.; Svendsen, Erika S. 2014. Million TreesNYC: the integration of research and practice. New York, NY: New York City, Parks and Recreation. 43 p.

Campbell, Lindsay; Svendsen, Erika; Falxa-Raymond, Nancy; Baine, Gillian 2014. Reading the landscape, a reflection on method. PLOT. 3: 90-95.

Childers, Daniel L.; Pickett, Steward T.A.; Grove, J. Morgan; Ogden, Laura; Whitmer, Alison 2014. Advancing urban sustainability theory and action: Challenges and opportunities. Landscape and Urban Planning. 125: 320-328.

Falxa-Raymond, Nancy; Palmer, Matthew I.; McPhearson, Timon; Griffin, Kevin L. 2014. Foliar nitrogen characteristics of four tree species planted in New York City forest restoration sites. Urban Ecosystems. 17(3): 807-824.

Grove, J. Morgan 2014. Expanding the vision of the Experimental Forest and Range network to urban areas. In: Hayes, D.C.; Stout, S.L.; Crawford, R.H.; Hoover, A.P., eds. USDA Forest Service experimental forests and ranges research for the long term. New York, NY: Springer: 631-650.

Grove, J. Morgan; Locke, Dexter H.; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath P.M. 2014. An ecology of prestige in New York City: Examining the relationships among population density, socio-economic status, group identity, and residential canopy cover. Environmental Management. 54(3): 402-419.

McLain, Rebecca J.; Hurley, Patrick T.; Emery, Marla R.; Poe, Melissa R. 2014. Gathering "wild" food in the city: rethinking the role of foraging in urban ecosystem planning and management. Local Environment:The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability. 19(2): 220-240.

Polsky, Colin; Grove, J. Morgan; Knudson, Chris; Groffman, Peter M.; Bettez, Neil; Cavender-Bares, JJeannine; Hall, Sharon J.; Heffernan, James B.; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Larson, Kelli L.; Morse, Jennifer L.; Neill, Christopher; Nelson, Kristen C.; Ogden, Laura A.; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath; Pataki, Diane E.; Chowdhury, Rinku Roy; Steele, Meredith K. 2014. Assessing the homogenization of urban land management with an application to US residential lawn care. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111(12): 4432-4437.

Skog, Kenneth E.; McKinley, Duncan C.; Birdsey, Richard A.; Hines, Sarah J.; Woodall, Christopher W.; Reinhardt, Elizabeth D.; Vose, James M. 2014. Chapter 7: Managing Carbon. In: Climate Change and United States Forests, Advances in Global Change Research 57 2014; pp. 151-182.

Steele, M.K.; Heffernan, J.B.; Bettez, N.; Cavender-Bares, J.; Groffman, P.M.; Grove, J.M.; Hall, S.; Hobbie, S.E.; Larson, K.; Morse, J.L.; Neill, C.; Nelson, K.C.; O'Neil-Dunne, J.; Ogden, L.; Pataki, D.E.; Polsky, C.; Roy Chowdhury, R. 2014. Convergent surface water distributions in U.S. cities. Ecosystems. 17(4): 685-697.

Zalesny, Ronald S.; Hallett, Richard A.; Falxa-Raymond, Nancy; Wiese, Adam H.; Birr, Bruce A. 2014. Propagating native Salicaceae for afforestation and restoration in New York City's five boroughs. Native Plants Journal. 15(a):29-41.

Cabaraban, Maria Theresa I.; Kroll, Charles N.; Hirabayashi, Satoshi; Nowak, David J. 2013. Modeling of air pollutant removal by dry deposition to urban trees using a WRF/CMAQ/i-Tree Eco coupled system. Environmental Pollution. 176: 123-133.

Falxa-Raymond, Nancy 2013. Book Review: Greening in the Red Zone. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 12(4): 606-607.

Falxa-Raymond, Nancy; Svendsen, Erika; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2013. From job training to green jobs: a case study for a young adult employment program centered on environmental restoration in New York City, USA. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 12: 287-295.

Grove, J. Morgan; Pickett, Steward T.A.; Whitmer, Ali; Cadenasso, Mary L. 2013. Building an urban LTSER: the case of the Baltimore Ecosystem Study and the D.C./B.C. ULTRA-Ex Project. In: Singh, S.J.; Haberl, Helmut; M. Chertow, Marian; Mirtl, Michael; Schmid, Martin, eds. Long term socio-ecological research. Studies in society: nature interactions across spatial and temporal scales. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer: 369-408.

Hager, Guy W; Belt, Kenneth T.; Stack, William; Burgess, Kimberly; Grove, J. Morgan; Caplan, Bess; Hardcastle, Mary; Shelley, Desiree; Pickett, Steward T.A.; Groffman, Peter M. 2013. Socioecological revitalization of an urban watershed. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 11(1): 28-36.

Liknes, Greg C.; Morin, Randall S.; Canham, Charles D. 2013. Trend analyses and projections using national forest inventory data. Mathematical and Computational Forestry and Natural-Resources Sciences. 5(2): 112-114.

Locke, Dexter H.; Grove, J. Morgan; Galvin, Michael; ONeil-Dunne, Jarlath P.M.; Murphy, Charles 2013. Applications of urban tree canopy assessment and prioritization tools: supporting collaborative decision making to achieve urban sustainability goals. Cities and the Environment. 6(1): article 7.

Peters, D.P.C.; Laney, C.M.; Lugo, A.E.; Collins, S.L.; Driscoll, C.T.; Groffman, P.M.; Grove, J.M.; Knapp, A.K.; Kratz, T.K.; Ohman, M.D.; Waide, R.B.; Yao, J. 2013. Long-term trends in ecological systems: an introduction to cross-site comparisons and relevance to global change studies. In: D.P.C. Peters et al. (Editors), Long-term trends in ecological systems: a basis for understanding responses to global change. USDA ARS Tech. Bull. No. 1931. USDA Agricultural Research Service, Las Cruces, NM. Pages 1-20

Pickett, S.T.A.; Boone, Christopher G.; McGrath, Brian P.; Cadenasso, M.L.; Childers, Daniel L.; Ogden, Laura A.; McHale, Melissa; Grove, J. Morgan 2013. Ecological science and transformation to the sustainable city. Cities. 32: S10-S20.

Romolini, Michele; Grove, J. Morgan; Locke, Dexter H. 2013. Assessing and comparing relationships between urban environmental stewardship networks and land cover in Baltimore and Seattle. Landscape and Urban Planning. 120: 190-207.

Bain, Daniel J.; Yesilonis, Ian D.; Pouyat, Richard V. 2012. Metal concentrations in urban riparian sediments along an urbanization gradient. Biogeochemistry. 107: 67-79.

Duan, Shuiwang; Kaushal, Sujay S.; Groffman, Peter; Band, Lawrence E.; Belt, Kenneth 2012. Phosphorus export across an urban to rural gradient in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Biogeosciences. 117(G1): G01025. 12 p.

Hirabayashi, Satoshi; Kroll, Charles N.; Nowak, David J. 2012. Development of a distributed air pollutant dry deposition modeling framework. Environmental Pollution. 171: 9-17.

Kaushal, Sujay S.; Belt, Kenneth T. 2012. The urban watershed continuum: evolving spatial and temporal dimensions. Urban Ecosystems. 15: 409-435.

Millar, Constance I.; Skog, Kenneth E.; McKinley, Duncan C.; Birdsey, Richard A.; Swanston, Christopher W.; Hines, Sarah J.; Woodall, Christopher W.; Reinhardt, Elizabeth D.; Peterson, David L.; Vose, James M. 2012. Adaptation and mitigation. In: Vose, James M.; Peterson, David L.; Patel-Weynand, Toral, eds. Effects of climatic variability and change on forest ecosystems: a comprehensive science synthesis for the U.S. forest sector. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-870. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station: 125-192. Chapter 4.

Nowak, David J. 2012. Contrasting natural regeneration and tree planting in fourteen North American cities. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 11(4): 374-382.

Pickett, Steward T.A.; Cadenasso, Mary L.; Groffman, Peter M.; Grove, J. Morgan. 2012. Importance of integrated approaches and perspectives. In: Laband, David N.; Lockaby, B. Graeme; Zipperer, Wayne, eds. Urban–Rural interfaces: linking people and nature. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy; Soil Science Society of America; Crop Science Society of America: 259-273. Chapter 14.

Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Falxa-Raymond, Nancy ; Northridge, Jessica ; Stone, Edie ; Mees, Caroln 2012. Introducing a longitudinal study of community gardeners and gardens in New York City. Cities and the Environment (CATE). 5(1): article 11.

Swanston, Chris; Furniss, Michael J.; Schmitt, Kristen; Guntle, Jeffrey; Janowiak, Maria; Hines, Sarah 2012. Forest and grassland carbon in North America: A short course for land managers. Gen. Tech Rep. NRS- 93. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. [DVD].

Troy, Austin; Grove, J. Morgan; O'Neill-Dunne, Jarlath 2012. The relationship between tree canopy and crime rates across an urban-rural gradient in the greater Baltimore region. Landscape and Urban Planning. 106: 262-270.

Yesilonis, Ian D.; Pouyat, Richard V. 2012. Carbon stocks in urban forest remnants: Atlanta and Baltimore as case studies. Chapter 5.. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer: 103-120.

Chowdhury, Rinku Roy; Larson, Kelli; Grove, Morgan; Polsky, Colin; Cook, Elizabeth; Onsted, Jeffrey; Ogden, Laura 2011. A multi-scalar approach to theorizing socio-ecological dynamics of urban residential landscapes. Cities & the Environment. 4(1): Article 6. 19 p.

Hirabayashi, Satoshi; Kroll, Chuck; Nowak, David 2011. Component-based development and sensitivity analyses of an air pollutant dry deposition model. Environmental Modeling and Software. 26:804-816.

Pickett, S.T.A.; Cadenasso, M.L.; Grove, J.M.; Boone, C.G.; Groffman, P.M.; Irwin, E.; Kaushal, S.S.; Marshall, V.; McGrath, B.P.; Nilon, C.H.; Pouyat, R.V.; Szlavecz, K.; Troy, A.; Warren, P. 2011. Urban ecological systems: Scientific foundations and a decade of progress. Journal of Environmental Management. 92: 331-362.

Vemuri, Amanda W.; Grove, J. Morgan; Wilson, Matthew A.; Burch, William R. Jr. 2011. A tale of two scales: Evaluating the relationship among life satisfaction, social capital, income, and the natural environment at individual and neighborhood levels in metropolitan Baltimore. Environment and Behavior. 43(1): 3-25.

Boone, Christopher G.; Cadenasso, Mary L.; Grove, J. Morgan; Schwarz, Kirsten; Buckley, Geoffrey L. 2010. Landscape, vegetation characteristics, and group identity in an urban and suburban watershed: why the 60s matter. Urban Ecosystem. 13: 255-271.

Chapin, F. Stuart; Carpenter, Stephen R.; Kofinas, Gary P.; Folke, Carl; Abel, Nick; Clark, William C.; Olsson, Per; Smith, D. Mark Stafford; Walker, Brian; Young, Oran R.; Berkes, Fikret; Biggs, Reinette; Grove, J. Morgan; Naylor, Rosamond L.; Pinkerton, Evelyn; Steffen, Will; Swanson, Frederick J. 2010. Ecosystem stewardship: sustainability strategies for a rapidly changing planet. Trends in Ecology & Evolution

Collins, S.L.; Carpenter, S.R.; Swinton, S.M.; Orenstein, D.E.; Childers, D.L.; Gragson, T.L.; Grimm, N.B.; Grove, J.M.; Harlan, S.L.; Kaye, J.P.; Knapp, A.K.; Kofinas, G.P.; Magnuson, J.J.; McDowell, W.H.; Melack, J.M.; Ogden, L.A.; Robertson, G.P.; Smith, M.D.; Whitmer, A.C. 2010. An integrated conceptual framework for long-term social-ecological research. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 9(6): 351-357

Hines, Sarah J.; Heath, Linda S.; Birdsey, Richard A. 2010. An annotated bibliography of scientific literature on managing forests for carbon benefits. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-57. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 49 p. [Includes CD-ROM].

Jiao, Jiaguo; Ellis, Erle C.; Yesilonis, Ian; Wu, Junxi; Wang, Hongqing; Li, Huixin; Yang, Linzhang 2010. Distributions of soil phosphorus in China's densely populated village landscapes. Journal of Soils and Sediments. 10: 461-472.

Kaushal, Sujay S.; Likens, Gene E.; Jaworski, Norbert A.; Pace, Michael L.; Sides, Ashley M.; Seekell, David; Belt, Kenneth T.; Secor, David H.; Wingate, Rebecca L. 2010. Rising stream and river temperatures in the United States. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 8(9): 461-466.

Locke, Dexter; Grove, J. Morgan; Lu, Jacqueline W.T.; Troy, Austin; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath P.M.; Beck, Brian 2010. Prioritizing preferable locations for increasing urban tree canopy in New York City. Cities and the Environment 3(1):18 p.

Lu, Jacqueline W.T.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Greenfeld, Jennifer; Braden, Jessie; King, Kristen; Falxa-Raymond, Nancy 2010. Biological, social, and urban design factors affecting young street tree mortality in New York City. Cities and the Environment. 3(1): 1-15.

Pace, Michael L.; Hampton, Stephanie E.; Limburg, Karin E.; Bennett, Elena M.; Cook, Elizabeth M.; Davis, Ann E.; Grove, J. Morgan; Kaneshiro, Kenneth Y.; LaDeau, Shannon L.; Likens, Gene E.; McKnight, Diane M.; Richardson, David C.; Strayer, David L. 2010. Communicating with the public: opportunities and rewards for individual ecologists. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 8(6): 292-298.

Pouyat, Richard V.; Szlavecz, Katalin; Yesilonis, Ian D.; Groffman, Peter M.; Schwarz, Kirsten 2010. Chemical, physical and biological characteristics of urban soils. Chapter 7. In: Aitkenhead-Peterson, Jacqueline; Volder, Astrid, eds. Urban Ecosystem Ecology. Agronomy Monograph 55. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America: 119-152.

Smith, Monica Lipscomb; Zhou, Weiqi; Cadenasso, Mary; Grove, J. Morgan; Band, Lawrence 2010. Evaluation of the National Land Database for Hydrologic Applications in Urban And Suburban Baltimore, Maryland. Journal of The American Water Resources Association. 46(2): 429-442.

Boone, Christopher G.; Buckley, Geoffrey L.; Grove, J. Morgan; Sister, Chona 2009. Parks and people: An environmental justice inquiry in Baltimore, Maryland. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 99(4): 767-787.

Groffman, Peter M.; Pouyat, Richard V. 2009. Methane uptake in urban forests and lawns. Environmental Science & Technology. 43(14): 5229-5235.

Groffman, Peter M.; Williams, Candiss O.; Pouyat, Richard V.; Band, Lawrence E.; Yesilonis, Ian D. 2009. Nitrate leaching and nitrous oxide flux in urban forests and grasslands. Journal of Environment Quality. 38(5): 1848-1860.

Grove, J. Morgan 2009. Cities: Managing densely settled social-ecological systems. In: Chapin, F. Stuart, III: Kofinas, Gary P.; Folke, Carl, eds. Principles of ecosystem stewardship. Resilience-based natural resource management in a changing world. New York, NY: Springer: 281-294.

Lister, Tonya; Lister, Andrew; Alexander, Eunice 2009. Estimating fine-scale land use change dynamics using an expedient photointerpretation-based method. In: McWilliams, Will; Moisen, Gretchen; Czaplewski, Ray, comps. Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) Symposium 2008; October 21-23, 2008; Park City, UT. Proc. RMRS-P-56CD. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 10 p.

Pickett, Steward T. A.; Grove, J. M. 2009. Urban ecosystems: What would Tansley do?. Urban Ecosystems. 12(1): 1-8.

Pouyat, Richard V.; Yesilonis, Ian D.; Golubiewski, Nancy E. 2009. A comparison of soil organic carbon stocks between residential turf grass and native soil. Urban Ecosystems. 12: 45-62.

Zhou, Weiqi; Troy, Austin; Grove, J. Morgan; Jenkins, Jennifer C. 2009. Can money buy green? Demographic and socioeconomic predictors of lawn-care expenditures and lawn greenness in urban residential areas. Society and Natural Resources. 22: 744-760.

Pickett, Steward T.A.; Cadenasso, Mary L.; Grove, J. Morgan; Groffman, Peter M.; Band, Lawrence E.; Boone, Christopher G.; Burch, William R., Jr.; Grimmond, Susan B.; Hom, John; Jenkins, Jennifer C.; Law, Neely L.; Nilon, Charles H.; Pouyat, Richard V.; Szlavecz, Katalin; Warren, Paige S.; Wilson, Matthew A. 2008. Beyond urban legends: an emerging framework of urban ecology, as illustrated by the Baltimore Ecosystem Study. BioScience. 58(2): 139-150.

Pouyat, Richard V.; Yesilonis, Ian D.; Szlavecz, Katalin; Csuzdi, Csaba; Hornung, Elizabeth; Korsós, Zoltan; Russell-Anelli, Jonathan; Giorgio, Vincent 2008. Response of forest soil properties to urbanization gradients in three metropolitan areas. Landscape Ecology. 23: 1187-1203.

Svendsen, Erika s.; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2008. Urban ecological stewardship: understanding the structure, function and network of community-based urban land management. Cities and the Environment. 1(1): 1-32.

Troy, Austin; Grove, J. Morgan 2008. Property values, parks, and crime: a hedonic analysis in Baltimore, MD. Landscape and Urban Planning. 87: 233-245.

Yesilonis, I.D.; Pouyat, R.V.; Neerchal, N.K. 2008. Spatial distribution of metals in soils in Baltimore, Maryland: role of native parent material, proximity to major roads, housing age and screening guidelines. Environmental Pollution. 156: 723-731.

Yesilonis, Ian D.; James, Bruce R.; Pouyat, Richard V.; Momen, Bahram 2008. Lead forms in urban turfgrass and forest soils as related to organic matter content and pH. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 146: 1-17.

Zhou, Weiqi; Troy, Austin; Grove, Morgan 2008. Object-based land cover classification and change analysis in the Baltimore metropolitan area using multitemporal high resolution remote sensing data. Sensors. 8: 1613-1636.

Zhou, Weiqi; Troy, Austin; Grove, Morgan 2008. Modeling residential lawn fertilization practices: integrating high resolution remote sensing with socioeconomic data. Environmental Management. 41(5): 742-752.

Belt, Kenneth T.; Hohn, Christina; Gbakima, Aiah; Higgins, James A. 2007. Identification of culturable stream water bacteria from urban, agricultural, and forested watersheds using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Journal of Water and Health. 5(3): 395-406.

Gresens, Susan E.; Belt, Kenneth T.; Tang, Jamie A.; Gwinn, Daniel C.; Banks, Patricia A. 2007. Temporal and spatial responses of Chironomidae (Diptera) and other benthic invertebrates to urban stormwater runoff. Hydrobiologia. 575:173-190.

Heisler, Gordon; Walton, Jeffrey; Yesilonis, Ian; Nowak, David; Pouyat, Richard; Grant, Richard; Grimmond, Sue; Hyde, Karla; Bacon, Gregory 2007. Empirical modeling and mapping of below-canopy air temperatures in Baltimore, MD and vicinity. In: Proceedings of the seventh urban environment symposium; 2007 September 10-13; San Diego, CA. American Meteorological Society. 7 p.

Pickett, Steward T.A.; Belt, Kenneth T.; Galvin, Michael F.; Groffman, Peter M.; Grove, J. Morgan; Outen, Donald C.; Pouyat, Richard V.; Stack, William P.; Cadenasso, Mary L. 2007. Watersheds in Baltimore, Maryland: understanding and application of integrated ecological and social processes. Journal of Contemporary Watershed Research and Education. 136: 44-55.

Pouyat, R.V.; Yesilonis, I.D.; Russell-Anelli, J.; Neerchal, N.K. 2007. Soil chemical and physical properties that differentiate urban land-use and cover types. Soil Science of America Journal. 71(3): 1010-1019.

Pouyat, Richard V.; Pataki, Diane E.; Belt, Kenneth T.; Groffman, Peter M.; Hom, John; Band, Lawrence E. 2007. Effects of urban land-use change on biogeochemical cycles. In: Canadell, J.G.; Pataki, D.E.; Pitelka, L.F., eds. Terrestrial ecosystems in a changing world. Berlin. Springer-Verlag: 45-58.

Troy, Austin R.; Grove, J. Morgan; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath P.M.; Pickett, Steward T.A.; Cadenasso, Mary L. 2007. Predicting opportunities for greening and patterns of vegetation on private urban lands. Environmental Management. 40(3): 394-412.

Welty, Claire; Miller, Andrew J.; Belt, Kenneth T.; Smith, James A.; Band, Lawrence E.; Groffman, Peter M.; Scanlon, Todd M.; Warner, Juying; Ryan, Robert J.; Shedlock, Robert J.; McGuire, Michael P. 2007. Design of an environmental field observatory for quantifying the urban water budget. In: Novotny, Vladimir; Brown, Paul, eds. Cities of the future: Towards integrated sustainable water and landscape management. London: International Water Association: 72-88.

Buckley, Geoffrey L.; Bailey, Robert F.; Grove, J. Morgan 2006. The Patapsco Forest Reserve: Establishing a "City Park" for Baltimore, 1907-1941. Historical Geography. 34: 87-108.

Cadenasso, Mary L.; Pickett, Steward T.A.; Grove, Morgan J.; Grove, Morgan J. 2006. Integrative approaches to investigating human-natural systems: the Baltimore ecosystem study. Natures Sciences Societes. 14: 4-14.

Dennis, Donald F.; Grove, J. Morgan 2006. Urban and Community Forestry Stewardship in Baltimore: Assessing Opportunities Using Conjoint Analysis. In: Peden, John G.; Schuster, Rudy M., comps., eds. Proceedings of the 2005 northeastern recreation research symposium; 2005 April 10-12; Bolton Landing, NY. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-341. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station: 270-272.

Gragson, Ted L.; Grove, Morgan 2006. Social science in the context of the long term ecological research program. Society and Natural Resources, Vol. 19: 93-100

Gragson, Ted L.; Grove, Morgan 2006. Social science in the context of the long term ecological research program. Society and Natural Resources 19:93-100

Groffman, Peter M.; Pouyat, Richard V.; Cadenasso, Mary L.; Zipperer, Wayne C.; Szlavecz, Katalin; Yesilonis, Ian D.; Band, Lawrence E.; Brush, Grace S. 2006. Land use context and natural soil controls on plant community and soil nitrogen and carbon dynamics in urban and rural forests. Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 236: 177-192

Grove, J. Morgan; Cadenasso, Mary L.; Burch, William R., Jr.; Pickett, Steward T.; Schwarz, Kirsten; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath; Wilson, Matthew; Troy, Austin; Boone, Christopher 2006. Data and methods comparing social structure and vegetation structure of urban neighborhoods in Baltimore, Maryland. Society and Natural Resources 19:117-136

Grove, J.M.; Troy, A.R.; O'Neil-Dunne, J.P.M.; Burch, W.R., Jr.; Cadenasso, M.L.; Pickett, S.T.A.; Pickett, S.T.A. 2006. Characterization of Households and its Implications for the Vegetation of Urban Ecosystems. Ecosystems. 9: 578-597.

Pouyat, Richard V.; Yesilonis, Ian D.; Nowak, David J. 2006. Carbon storage by urban soils in the United States. Journal of Environmental Quality 35: 1566-1575.

Rains, Michael T. 2006. The future of long-term USDA Forest Service research sites in the Northeast. In: Irland, Lloyd C.; Camp, Ann E.; Brissette, John C.; and Donohew, Zachary R., eds. Long-term Silvicultural & Ecological Studies: Results for Science and Management. New Haven, CT: Yale University: 226-228

Grove, Morgan; Burch, William R.; Pickett, S.T.A. 2005. Social mosaics and urban forestry in Baltimore, Maryland. In: Lee, R.G.; Field, D.R., eds. Communities and forests: where people meet the land. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press: 250-274.

Higgins, James A.; Belt, Kenneth T.; Karns, Jeffrey S.; Russell-Anelli, Jonathan; Shelton, Daniel R. 2005. tir- and stx- positive Escherichia coli in stream waters in a metropolitan area. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 71: 2511-2519.

Pickett, S.T.A.; Cadenasso, M.L.; Grove, J.M. 2005. Biocomplexity in coupled natural–human systems: a multidimensional framework. Ecosystems. 8(3): 225-232.

Schweik, Charles M.; Stepanov, Alexander; Grove, J. Morgan 2005. The open research system: a web-based metadata and data repository for collaborative research. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture. 47: 221-242.

Schweik, Charles; Evans, Tom; Grove, J. Morgan 2005. Open source and open content: A framework for global collaboration in social-ecological research. Ecology and Society. 10(1): 33.

Twery, Mark J.; Knopp, Peter D.; Thomasma, Scott A.; Rauscher, H. Michael; Nute, Donald E.; Potter, Walter D.; Maier, Frederick; Wang, Jin; Dass, Mayukh; Uchiyama, Hajime; Glende, Astrid; Hoffman, Robin E. 2005. NED-2: a decision support system for integrated forest ecosystem management. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 49:24-43

Groffman, Peter M.; Law, Neely L.; Belt, Kenneth T.; Band, Lawrence E.; Fisher, Gary T. 2004. Nitrogen fluxes and retention in urban watershed ecosystems. Ecosystems. 7: 394-403.

Heisler, Gordon M.; Grant, Richard H.; Gao, Wei; Slusser, James R. 2004. Solar Ultraviolet-B Radiation in Urban Environments: The Case of Baltimore, Maryland. Photochemistry and Photobiology. 80: 422-428.

Law, Neely L.; Band, Lawrence E.; Grove, J. Morgan 2004. Nitrogen input from residential lawn care practices in suburban watersheds in Baltimore county, MD. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 47(5): 737-755.

Nowak, David J.; Kuroda, Miki; Crane, Daniel E. 2004. Tree mortality rates and tree population projections in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Urban Forestry Urban Greening. 2: 139-147

Pickett, S.T.A.; Cadenasso, M.L.; Grove, J.M. 2004. Resilient cities: meaning, models, and metaphor for integrating the ecological, socio-economic, and planning realms. Landscape and Urban Planning. 69(4): 369-384.

Redman, Charles L.; Grove, J. Morgan; Kuby, Lauren H.; Kuby, Lauren H. 2004. Integrating Social Science into the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network: Social Dimensions of Ecological Change and Ecological Dimensions of Social Change. Ecosystems. 7: 161-171.

Twery, Mark; Northrop, Robert 2004. Watershed forest management using decision support technology. In: Proceedings, Society of American Foresters 2003 national convention; 2003 October 25-29; Buffaly, NY. Bethesda, MD: Society of American Foresters: 373-375.

Groffman, Peter M.; Bain, Daniel J.; Band, Lawrence E.; Belt, Kenneth T.; Brush, Grace S.; Grove, J. Morgan; Pouyat, Richard V.; Yesilonis, Ian C.; Zipperer, Wayne C. 2003. Down by the riverside: urban riparian ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 1(6): 315-321.

Grove, J. Morgan; Hinson, Karen E.; Northrop, Robert J. 2003. A social ecology approach to understanding urban ecosystems and landscapes. In: Berkowitz, Alan R.; Nilon, Charles H.; Hollweg, Karen S., eds. Understanding Urban Ecosystems; A New Frontier for Science and Education: New York, NY: Springer-Verlag New York. 167-186.

Pouyat, Richard V.; Russell-Anelli, Jonathan; Yesilonis, Ian D.; Groffman, Peter M. 2003. Soil carbon in urban forest ecosystems. In: Kimble, J.M.; Heath, Linda S.; Birdsey, Richard A.; Lal, R., eds. The potential of U.S. forest soils to sequester carbon and mitigate the greenhouse effect. Boca Raton: CRC Press: 347-362.

Wargo, Philip M.; Vogt, Kristiina; Vogt, Daniel; Holifield, Quintaniay; Tilley, Joel; Lawrence, Gregory; David, Mark 2003. Vitality and chemistry of roots of red spruce in forest floors of stands with a gradient of soil Al/Ca ratios in the northeastern United States. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33:635-652

Agarwal, Chetan; Green, Glen M.; Grove, J. Morgan; Evans, Tom P.; Schweik, Charles M. 2002. A review and assessment of land-use change models: dynamics of space, time, and human choice. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-297. Newton Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 61 p.

Grove, Morgan; Schweik, Charlie; Evans, Tom; Green, Glen 2002. Modeling human-environmental systems. In: Clarke, Keith; Parks, Bradley O.; Crane, Michael P., eds. Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling; Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, NJ: 160-188

Pouyat, R.; Groffman, P.; Yesilonis, I; Hernandez, L. 2002. Soil carbon pools and fluxes in urban ecosystems. Environmental Pollution. 116: S107-S118.

Vogt, Kristiina A.; Grove, Morgan; Asjornsen, Heidi; Maxwell, Keely B.; Vogt, Daniel J.; Sigurdardottir, Ragnhildur; Larson, Bruce C.; Schibli, Leo; Dove, Michael 2002. Linking ecological and social scales for natural resource management. In: Liu, Jianguo; Taylor, William W., eds. Integrating landscape ecology into natural resource management. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Press: 143-175.

Grove, J. Morgan; Buckley, Geoffrey L. 2001. Sowing the seeds of forest conservation: Fred Besley and the Maryland Story, 1906-1923. Maryland Historical Magazine. 96(3): 303-327.

Pickett, S.T.A.; Cadenasso, M.L.; Grove, M.J.; Nilon, C.H.; Pouyat, R.V.; Zipperer, W.C. 2001. Urban ecological systems: linking terrestrial ecological, physical, and socioeconomic components of metropolitan areas. Annual Review of Ecological Systems. 32:127-157.