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Northern Research Station
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You are here: NRS Home / Research Programs / Urban Natural Resources Stewardship / Air and water quality / BES: The Baltimore Ecosystem Study
Urban Natural Resources Stewardship

BES: The Baltimore Ecosystem Study

[photo:] Baltimore's inner harbor as seen from Federal Hill (Photo credit: http://www.city-data.com/forum/city-vs-city/749195-baltimore-vs-oakland-3.html
).Funded by the National Science Foundation, the Baltimore Ecosystem Study (BES) is a long-term and in-depth look at the many factors that affect urban environments in Baltimore. BES research examines environmental features like trees, waterways, and soils, built structures like roads, ports, houses, and industrial facilities, and social factors like the distribution of people, health problems, wealth, and crime. BES scientists works across a range of disciplines and try to understand and describe the complexity of Baltimore's urban ecology.

We participate in the BES in order to work collaboratively with other scientists to understand how urban ecosystems work and how they change over time. Our work has focused on Baltimore’s vegetation, demographics, watersheds, parks, and environmental justice issues.

Research Summaries

External Website

Research Outputs

Pickett, S.T.A.; Cadenasso, M.L.; Grove, J.M.; Boone, C.G.; Groffman, P.M.; Irwin, E.; Kaushal, S.S.; Marshall, V.; McGrath, B.P.; Nilon, C.H.; Pouyat, R.V.; Szlavecz, K.; Troy, A.; Warren, P. 2011. Urban ecological systems: Scientific foundations and a decade of progress. Journal of Environmental Management. 92: 331-362.

Vemuri, Amanda W.; Grove, J. Morgan; Wilson, Matthew A.; Burch, William R. Jr. 2011. A tale of two scales: Evaluating the relationship among life satisfaction, social capital, income, and the natural environment at individual and neighborhood levels in metropolitan Baltimore. Environment and Behavior. 43(1): 3-25.

Boone, Christopher G.; Cadenasso, Mary L.; Grove, J. Morgan; Schwarz, Kirsten; Buckley, Geoffrey L. 2010. Landscape, vegetation characteristics, and group identity in an urban and suburban watershed: why the 60s matter. Urban Ecosystem. 13: 255-271.

Zhou, Weiqi; Troy, Austin; Grove, J. Morgan; Jenkins, Jennifer C. 2009. Can money buy green? Demographic and socioeconomic predictors of lawn-care expenditures and lawn greenness in urban residential areas. Society and Natural Resources. 22: 744-760.

Grove, J. Morgan. 2009. Cities: Managing densely settled social-ecological systems.   In: Chapin, F. Stuart, III: Kofinas, Gary P.; Folke, Carl, eds. Principles of ecosystem stewardship. Resilience-based natural resource management in a changing world. New York, NY: Springer: 281-294.

Boone, Christopher G.; Buckley, Geoffrey L.; Grove, J. Morgan; Sister, Chona. 2009. Parks and people: An environmental justice inquiry in Baltimore, Maryland. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 99(4): 767-787.

Pickett, Steward T.A.; Cadenasso, Mary L.; Grove, J. Morgan; Groffman, Peter M.; Band, Lawrence E.; et al. 2008. Beyond urban legends: an emerging framework of urban ecology, as illustrated by the Baltimore Ecosystem Study. BioScience. 58(2): 139-150.

Zhou, Weiqi; Troy, Austin; Grove, Morgan 2008. Object-based land cover classification and change analysis in the Baltimore metropolitan area using multitemporal high resolution remote sensing data. Sensors. 8: 1613-1636.

Troy, Austin; Grove, J. Morgan. 2008. Property values, parks, and crime: a hedonic analysis in Baltimore, MD. Landscape and Urban Planning.87: 233-245.

Pickett, Steward T.A.; Belt, Kenneth T.; Galvin, Michael F.; Groffman, Peter M.; Grove, J. Morgan; et al. 2007. Watersheds in Baltimore, Maryland: understanding and application of integrated ecological and social processes. Journal of Contemporary Watershed Research and Education. 136: 44-55.

Grove, J. Morgan; Cadenasso, Mary L.; Burch, William R., Jr.; Pickett, Steward T.; Schwarz, Kirsten; et al. 2006. Data and methods comparing social structure and vegetation structure of urban neighborhoods in Baltimore, Maryland. Society and Natural Resources. 19: 117-136.

Cadenasso, Mary L.; Pickett, Steward T.A.; Grove, Morgan J. 2006. Integrative approaches to investigating human-natural systems: the Baltimore ecosystem study. Natures Sciences Societies. 14: 4-14.

Gragson, Ted L.; Grove, Morgan. 2006. Social science in the context of the long term ecological research program. Society and Natural Resources. 19: 93-100.

Dennis, Donald F.; Grove, J. Morgan. 2006. Urban and Community Forestry Stewardship in Baltimore: Assessing Opportunities Using Conjoint Analysis. In: Peden, John G.; Schuster, Rudy M., comps., eds. Proceedings of the 2005 northeastern recreation research symposium; 2005 April 10-12; Bolton Landing, NY. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-341. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station: 270-272.

Redman, Charles L.; Grove, J. Morgan; Kuby, Lauren H. 2004. Integrating Social Science into the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network: Social Dimensions of Ecological Change and Ecological Dimensions of Social Change. Ecosystems. 7: 161-171.


Last Modified: 06/10/2013