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Title: Long-distance dispersal of eastern spruce budworm in Minnesota (USA) via the atmospheric pathway
Author: Sturtevant, Brian; Achtemeier, Gary; Anderson, Dean; Charney, Joseph; Cooke, Barry.
Publication: In: 26th annual landscape ecology symposium. Sustainability in dynamic landscapes; 2011 April 3-7; Portland, Oregon. U.S. International Association for Landscape Ecology: 112-113. Abstract.
Abstract: Long-distance dispersal is thought to play an important role in synchronizing disparate populations of forest insect defoliators, but its importance relative to other factors remains unclear due to the difficulty of quantifying dispersal.
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