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Title: Regeneration of plants from Fraxinus americana hypocotyls and cotyledons
Author: Palla, Kaitlin J.; Pijut, Paula M.
Publication: In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology-Plant. 47: 250-256.
Key Words: adventitious shoots, Fraxinus rooting, shoot organogenesis, tissue culture, white ash
Abstract: A plant regeneration protocol was developed for white ash (Fraxinus americana L.). Hypocotyls and cotyledons excised from embryos were cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS)mediumsupplementedwith 6-benzylaminopurine (BA) plus thidiazuron (TDZ), and compared for organogenic potential. Sixty-six percent of hypocotyl segments and 10.4% of cotyledon segments produced adventitious shoots, with a mean number of adventitious shoots per explant of 3.5±0.9 and 2.5±1.5, respectively. The best regeneration medium (52% shoot formation; 47% shoot elongation) for hypocotyls was MS basal medium containing 22.2 µM BA plus 0.5 µM TDZ, producing a mean of 3.9±0.4 adventitious shoots. Adventitious shoots were established as proliferating shoot cultures following transfer to MS medium with Gamborg B5 vitamins supplemented with 10 µMBA plus 10 µMTDZ. For in vitro rooting, woody plant medium with indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) at 0, 2.9, 5.7, or 8.6 µM in combination with 4.9 µM indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) was tested for a 5- or 10-d dark culture period, followed by culture under a 16-h photoperiod. The best rooting (78% to 81%) of in vitro shoots was obtained with a 5 d dark culture treatment on medium containing 2.9 or 5.7 µM IAA plus 4.9 µM IBA, with an average of 2.6±0.4 roots per shoot. Rooted plants were successfully acclimatized to the greenhouse. This adventitious shoot regeneration and rooting protocol will be used as the basis for experimental studies to produce transgenic white ash with resistance to the emerald ash borer.
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