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Title: Effect of midstory and understory removal on the establishment and development of natural and artificial pin oak advance reproduction in bottomland forests
Author: Motsinger, Jonathan R.; Kabrick, John M.; Dey, Daniel C.; Henderson, Dawn E.; Zenner, Eric K.
Publication: New Forests. 39: 195-213.
Abstract: Regenerating oaks (Quercus L.) on mesic and hydric sites has remained a problem largely because of inadequate density and poor distribution of large oak advance reproduction prior to harvesting. We examined the effect of midstory and understory removal on the establishment and 3-year development of natural and artificial sources of pin oak (Q. palustris Muenchh.) advance reproduction in bottomland forests in southeastern Missouri, USA.
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