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Title: Immigrant phytophagous insects on woody plants in the United States and Canada: an annotated list.
Author: Mattson, William J.; Niemela, P.; Millers, I.; Inguanzo, Y.
Publication: General Technical Report NC-169. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Key Words: introduced insects, exotic insects, biodiversity, competition, invasion ecology
Abstract: Nearly 2,000 foreign plants and 2,000 foreign insect species have become naturalized in North America during the past 500 years. This publication documents those immigrant phytophagous insect species which have become established on woody plants or their products in the continental United States and Canada. Of these 368 immigrant insects, 72% came from Europe.
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