Scientists & Staff
Lindsay K. Campbell
Research Social Scientist
People and Their Environments: Social Science Supporting Natural Resource Management and Policy
c/o EPA Region 2, 290 Broadway, 26th Floor
New York, New York 10007
My current research explores the dynamics of urban stewardship, sustainability, and environmental policymaking, with a particular emphasis on issues of social justice. Here are just a few of my core projects:
- City of Forests, City of Farms examines how the politics and practices of urban forestry and urban agriculture in New York City are negotiated. It centers on the municipal long term sustainability plan, PlaNYC2030, which was created in 2007 and updated in 2011. From this entry point, it pivots to examine the network of actors, institutions, discourses, and socio-natural environments that constitute urban forestry and urban agriculture. It asks: what actors via what institutions make what claims in order to shape the goals that are set within the plan? What accounts for the varied treatment of urban forestry and agriculture in a single city within a single sustainability planning process? And, in turn, how do the goals of the plan alter resource management practices going forward? This book will be forthcoming with Cornell University Press.
- STEW-MAP (the Stewardship Mapping and Assessment Project) for New York City is a collaborative project with Erika Svendsen, Morgan Grove, and Michelle Johnson of the Northern Research Station, Dana Fisher of University of Maryland, James Connolly of Northeastern University, and Jarlath O`Neil-Dunne of the University of Vermont. This citywide assessment analyzes the spatial locations and network relationships of nearly 3,000 civic stewardship groups. STEW-MAP is an integral part of our ULTRA-EX project for New York City, Understanding the Dynamic Connections Among Stewardship, Land Cover, and Ecosystem Services in New York City's Urban Forest. It has also been replicated in Chicago, Baltimore, Seattle, and Philadelphia, Los Angeles, and San Juan, PR.
- Restorative Commons: Creating Health and Wellbeing through Urban Landscapes in an edited volume that shares lessons learned from the fields of urban natural resource management and design with other practitioners, policymakers, and the general public.
- The Living Memorials Project examines September 11 as a disturbance to which people respond, including through acts of stewardship. We have continued this research longituidinally to understand how community-based stewardship persists and changes over time.
The Forest Service Northern Research Station and the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation have jointly created the New York City Urban Field Station. The Urban Field Station develops and applies adaptive management, technology transfer, and science to improve human well-being and the environment in urban metropolitan areas. I am involved in all aspects of the development and implementation of the field station.
I am developing a number of applied projects at the interface of research and practice for the New York City Urban Field Station with the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation and other local partners - on issues ranging from the MillionTreesNYC campaign, to young street tree mortality, to ecological literacy, to green jobs, to the FreshKills landfill to park conversion project. I help conceive of and implement our Science of the Living City program - including our fellowships, seminars, and our new artist in residence program.
Why This Research is Important
- The NYC Urban Field Station is both a physical place to conduct research and a network of relationships among a growing number of scientists, practitioners, university cooperators and facilities focused on urban ecology. It is located at Fort Totten in Bayside Queens, NY. Since its founding, the Urban Field Station has engaged over 30 non-profit, academic, and government partners creating innovative research in action programs to support urban ecosystem management.
- City of Forests, City of Farms builds upon prior work that examines the political and discursive dimension of natural resource management, extending it to the recent empirical phenomena of urban sustainability planning and large-scale green infrastructure campaigns in global cities. Second, it continues the project of `re-naturing urban theory? by bringing a concern with materiality into the study of urban politics and policymaking. Finally, it brings concepts of urban political theory and networked governance into nature-society geography.
- By exploring the networks among stewards and the social, organizational, informational and funding nodes that link them, STEW-MAP examines the ways that civil society stewards connect, compete with and compliment the goals of government agencies and the private business sector in the management of the urban ecosystem. This project seeks to understand and map the ways citizens serve as stewards by conserving, managing, monitoring, advocating for, and educating the public about their local environments (including water, land, air, waste, toxics, and energy issues).
- Restorative Commons' 18 articles span theory, case studies, and practitioner interviews. The book explores the relationships of urban landscape to human health and well-being and documented some of the most compelling practices and principles currently utilized to create restorative commons either as small-scale experiments or as larger efforts to institutionalize innovation. It was designed for a wide audience with full color illustrations and graphics, has been distributed for free to more than 3,000 users, and downloaded thousands of times.
- The Living Memorials research explores the ways in which natural resources aid human recovery not as passive design elements, but as catalysts for collective action. Stewardship allows for expression of collective values, including collective memories.
- Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Ph.D. Geography, 2013
- Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Master Of Arts Geography, 2011
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Masters Of City Planning Department of Urban Studies and Planning, 2006
- Princeton University, B.A. Woodrow Wilson School of Public Policy, 2002
- Urban Ecology Collaborative
Awards & Recognition
- Forest Service Northern Research Station Director’s Award, 2015
Early Career Scientist Award
- Forest Service Chief’s Award for Engaging Urban America, 2009
Received by the NYC Urban Field Station for “Restoring NYC’s Ecosystems”
- American Library Association’s Government Documents Roundtable and Library Journal, 2009
Notable Government Document Award for Restorative Commons
- Forest Service Northern Research Station Partnership Award, 2008
Received by the NYC Urban Field Station
- Forest Service Northern Research Station “Civil Rights Outstanding Location Award”, 2008
Received by the NYC Urban Field Station
- EDRA/Places Award for Research, 2007
“Living Memorials National Research: 9/11 and the Public Landscape”
- Forest Service Chief’s Award for Technology Transfer, 2003
Received by the Living Memorials Project
Featured Publications & Products
- Campbell, Lindsay K. 2016. Getting farming on the agenda: Planning, policymaking, and governance practices of urban agriculture in New York City. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 11 p. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2016.03.011.
- Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Roman, Lara A. 2016. Knowledge Co-production at the Research-Practice Interface: Embedded Case Studies from Urban Forestry. Environmental Management. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00267-016-0680-8.
- Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Johnson, Michelle L. 2016. A social assessment of urban parkland: Analyzing park use and meaning to inform management and resilience planning. Environmental Science & Policy. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2016.01.014.
- Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Fisher, Dana R.; Connolly, James J.T.; Johnson, Michelle L.; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Locke, Dexter H.; Westphal, Lynne M.; Fisher, Cherie LeBlanc; Grove, Morgan; Romolini, Michele; Blahna, Dale J.; Wolf, Kathleen L. 2016. Stewardship mapping and assessment project: a framework for understanding community-based environmental stewardship. Gen. Tech. Rep. 156. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 134 p.
- Locke, Dexter H.; King, Kristen L.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Small, Christopher; Sonti, Nancy F.; Fisher, Dana R.; Lu, Jacqueline W.T. 2014. Urban environmental stewardship and changes in vegetative cover and building footprint in New York City neighborhoods (2000-2010). Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences. 4(3): 250-262.
- Connolly, James J.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Fisher, Dana R.; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2013. Organizing urban ecosystem services through environmental stewardship governance in New York City. Landscape and Urban Planning. 109: 76-84.
- Fisher, Dana R.; Campbell, Lindsay; Svendsen, Erika S. 2012. The organisational structure of urban environmental stewardship. Environmental Politics. 21(1): 26-48.
- Tidball, Keith G.; Krasny, Marianne E.; Svendsen, Erika; Campbell, Lindsay; Helphand, Kenneth. 2010. Stewardship, learning, and memory in disaster resilience. Environmental Education Research. 16(5-6): 591- 609.
- Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2010. Living Memorials: Understanding the Social Meanings of Community-Based Memorials to September 11, 2001. Environment and Behavior. 42: 318-334.
- Campbell, Lindsay; Wiesen, Anne. 2009. Restorative Commons: Creating Health and Well-Being Through Urban Landscapes. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-39. Newtown Square, PA : U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 278 p.
Publications & Products
- Boicourt, Kate; Pirani, Robert; Johnson, Michelle; Svendsen, Erika; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2016. Connecting with our waterways: an assessment of public access and stewardship in the New York - New Jersey Harbor Estuary. New York, NY: NY-NJ Harbor and Estuary Program; and Hudson River Foundation. 36 p.
- Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Campbell, Lindsay; Johnson, Michelle; Daftary-Steel, S. 2016. Long-term outcomes of an urban farming internship program. Journal of Experiential Education. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1053825916655444 [19 p.].
- Campbell, Lindsay K.; Gabriel, Nate. 2016. Power in urban social-ecological systems: Processes and practices of governance and marginalization. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 2 p. doi: 10.1016/j.ufug.2016.05.005 .
- Auyeung, D.S. Novem; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Johnson, Michelle; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Svendsen, Erika. 2016. Reading the landscape: citywide social assessment of New York City parks and natural areas in 2013-2014. Social Assessment White Paper No. 2. New York, NY: New York Department of Parks and Recreation. 69 p.
- McMillen, Heather; Campbell, Lindsay; Svendsen, Erika; Reynolds, Renae. 2016. Recognizing Stewardship Practices as Indicators of Social Resilience: In Living Memorials and in a Community Garden. Sustainability. No. 775. 8(8): 26p.
- Connolly, James J.T.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Fisher, Dana R.; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2015. Mixed methods analysis of urban environmental stewardship networks. In: Ruth, Matthias, ed. Handbook of research methods and applications in environmental studies. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing: 102-121. Chapter 5.
- Vogt, Christine A.; Klenosky, David B.; Snyder, Stephanie A.; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2015. Resident support for a landfill-to-park transformation. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration. 33(4): 32-50.
- Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Sonti, Nancy F.; Baine, Gillian. 2015. Urban stewardship as a catalyst for recovery and change. In: Brandt, D.H.; Nordenson, C.S., eds. Waterproofing New York. Urban Research. 2: 104-111.
- Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2014. Community-based memorials to September 11, 2001: environmental stewardship as memory work. In: Tidball, Keith G.; Krasny, Marianne E., eds. Greening in the Red Zone: Disaster, resilience and community greening. New York, NY: Springer Dordrecht: 339-355. Chapter 25.
- Campbell, Lindsay K. 2014. Constructing New York City's urban forest. The politics and governance of the MillionTreesNYC campaign. In: Sandberg, L. Anders; Bardekjian, Adrina; Butt, Sadia, eds. Urban forests, trees and greenspace. A policy perspective. New York, NY: Routledge: 242-260. Chapter 16.
- Campbell, Lindsay K.; Monaco, Morgan; Falxa-Raymond, Nancy; Lu, Jacqueline; Newman, Andrew; Rae, Ruth A.; Svendsen, Erika S. 2014. Million TreesNYC: the integration of research and practice. New York, NY: New York City, Parks and Recreation. 43 p.
- Connolly, James J.T.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Fisher, Dana R.; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2014. Networked governance and the management of ecosystem services: The case of urban environmental stewardship in New York City. Ecosystem Services. 10: 187-194.
- Campbell, Lindsay; Svendsen, Erika; Falxa-Raymond, Nancy; Baine, Gillian. 2014. Reading the landscape, a reflection on method. PLOT. 3: 90-95.
- Svendsen, Erika S.; Baine, Gillian; Northridge, Mary E.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Metcalf, Sara S. 2014. Recognizing resilience. American Journal of Public Health. 104(4): 581-583.
- Falxa-Raymond, Nancy; Svendsen, Erika; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2013. From job training to green jobs: a case study for a young adult employment program centered on environmental restoration in New York City, USA. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 12: 287-295.
- Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Falxa-Raymond, Nancy; Northridge, Jessica; Stone, Edie. 2012. Introducing a longitudinal study of community gardeners and gardens in New York City. Cities and the Environment (CATE). 5(1): article 11.
- Lu, Jacqueline W.T.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Greenfeld, Jennifer; Braden, Jessie; King, Kristen; Falxa-Raymond, Nancy. 2010. Biological, social, and urban design factors affecting young street tree mortality in New York City. Cities and the Environment. 3(1): 1-15.
- Campbell, Lindsay; Wiesen, Anne. 2009. Introduction. In: Campbell, Lindsay; Wiesen, Anne, eds. Restorative commons: creating health and well-being through urban landscapes. Gen. Tech Rep. NRS-P-39. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 11-23.
- Campbell, Lindsay. 2009. Memoryscape. In: Campbell, Lindsay; Wiesen, Anne, eds. Restorative commons: creating health and well-being through urban landscapes. Gen. Tech Rep. NRS-P-39. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 188-199.
- Lu, Jacqueline W.T.; Shane, Megan; Svendsen, Erika; Campbell, Lindsay; Fragola, Cristiana; Krasny, Marianne; Lovasl, Gina; Maddox, David; McDonnell, Simon; McPhearson, P. Timon; Montalto, Franco; Newman, Andrew; Pehek, Ellen; Rae, Ruth A.; Stedman, Richard; Tidball, Keith G.; Westphal, Lynne; Whitlow, Tom. 2009. MillionTreesNYC, Green infrastructure, and urban ecology: building a research agenda. MillionTreesNYC, Green infrastructure, and urban ecology: building a research agenda. Report from the workshop. New York, NY: [Publisher unknown]. 44 p.
- Svendsen, Erika s.; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2008. Urban ecological stewardship: understanding the structure, function and network of community-based urban land management. Cities and the Environment. 1(1): 1-32.
- Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Duong, Phu. 2007. Land-markings: 12 Journeys through 9/11 Living Memorials [DVD]. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-3. Newton Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. [DVD].
- Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2006. Land-markings: 12 Journeys through 9/11 Living Memorials. NRS-INF-1-06. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 49 p.
- Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2005. Living memorials project: year 1 social and site assessment. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-333. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 123 p.
National Research Highlights
Forest Service Partnership with MillionTreesNYC (2013)
The demand for a well-trained green-collar labor force will increase as many cities implement sustainability and green infrastructure plans. Additionally, many green jobs training programs are intended to provide pathways out of poverty for low-skilled workers. Forest Service scientists investigated young-adult graduates of green-jobs training programs in New York City and found not just positive environmental attitudes and behaviors but also increased self-confidence in young graduates.
From World's Largest Landfill to New York City's Newest Park (2012)
The story of the restoration of Fresh Kills Salt Marsh, Staten Island, NY
Scientists Assess Social Meaning of Jamaica Bay Region Parkland (2014)
The Jamaica Bay region of New York City is a focus of resiliency planning and adaptive management efforts. Working with natural resource managers and ecologists from the Natural Areas Conservancy and the NYC Department of Parks and Recreation, Forest Service social scientists developed a method to assess the use and social meaning of parkland in the region. These social data will be integrated with ecological assessment data to inform management strategies and practices citywide.