Scientists & Staff
Sustaining Forests in a Changing Environment
271 Mast Road
My research is focused on estimating and managing forest carbon at the stand and landscape scales. Carbon in forests is important for many reasons, including climate mitigation and soil productivity. Managing forests to maintain and enhance carbon stocks is compatible with other important forest management objectives, and I work to understand the carbon consequences of common management practices and the tradeoffs between managing for carbon and other objectives. I am also involved in outreach and training, teaching forest carbon estimation techniques to a variety of audiences.
Forest carbon stocks, especially those in the soil, do not respond uniformly to management actions. I am interested in understanding and identifying the major factors driving the response, so that we can better assess what forest characteristics indicate the greatest potential for additonal carbon storage. I am also interested in developing ways to estimate forest carbon stocks that are operationally feasible at the landscape scale.
Why This Research is Important
My research is very applied and is focused on helping landowners and managers estimate their forest carbon stocks and understand how management affects those stocks, so that they can add forest carbon to their list of management objectives. I use a variety of approaches - experiments to develop knowldege, tool development (such as the carbon reports in the Fire and Fuels Extension of the Forest Vegetation Simulator), and technology transfer (training sessions) to meet those objectives. Lack of forest inventory data and the expense of collecting such data are a major barrier for managers who want to include carbon sequestration in their management plans; current research on the feasibility of landscape scale carbon assessment using Lidar data and streamlined inventory has the potential to remove this obstacle.
- University of Georgia, Institute of Ecology, Ph.D. Soil Ecology, 1996
- University of Pittsburgh, B.S. Biology, 1991
- Affiliate Associate Professor Department of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of New Hampshire
2013 - Current
- Research Ecologist Northern Research Station
2003 - Current
Studies of biomass, soil and forest floor carbon stocks in managed and unmanaged forested lands; assessment of management impacts on soil carbon dynamics and aboveground carbon storage; simulation of effects of management strategies on carbon stocks. Technology transfer, decision support, and outreach related to forest carbon estimation and management.
- Research Soil Scientist Northeastern Research Station
1999 - 2003
- Society Of American Foresters, Full Member (2011 - Current)
- American Geophysical Union, Full Member (2001 - Current)
- Ecological Society of America, Full Member (1992 - Current)
- Phi Beta Kappa, Member (1991 - Current)
Awards & Recognition
- USDA Certificate of Merit, 2008
Awarded for producing and editing the book "Field Measurements for Forest Carbon Monitoring: A Landscape-Scale Approach"
- USDA Certificate of Merit, 2008
Awarded to the Carbon Tools Development Group, winner of the 2008 Excellence in Technology Transfer Award for the Northern Research Station
- USDA Forest Service Certificate of Appreciation, 2000
Awarded for outstanding collaboration with the Department of Defense on forest carbon sequestration
Featured Publications & Products
- Hoover, Coeli; Birdsey, Richard; Goines, Bruce; Lahm, Peter; Fan, Yongming; Nowak, David; Prisley, Stephen; Reinhardt, Elizabeth; Skog, Ken; Skole, David; Smith, James; Trettin, Carl; Woodall, Christopher. 2014. Chapter 6: quantifying greenhouse gas sources and sinks in managed forest systems. In: Eve, M.; Pape, D.; Flugge, M.; Steele, R.; Man, D.; Riley-Gilbert, M.; Biggar, S. Quantifying greenhouse gas fluxes in agriculture and forestry: Methods for entity-scale inventory. Tech. Bull. 1939. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the Chief Economist: 6-1-6.114.
- Hoover, Coeli M.; Leak, William B.; Keel, Brian G. 2012. Benchmark carbon stocks from old-growth forests in northern New England, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 266: 108-114.
- Hoover, Coeli M. 2011. Management impacts on forest floor and soil organic carbon in northern temperate forests of the US. Carbon Balance and Management. 6:17. 8 p.
- Hoover, Coeli M.; Rebain, Stephanie A. 2011. Forest carbon estimation using the Forest Vegetation Simulator: Seven things you need to know. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-77. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 16 p.
- Smith, James E.; Heath, Linda S.; Hoover, Coeli M. 2013. Carbon factors and models for forest carbon estimates for the 2005-2011 National Greenhouse Gas Inventories of the United States. Forest Ecology and Management. 307: 7-19.
- Hoover, Coeli. 2011. Assessing seven decades of carbon accumulation in two U.S. northern hardwood forests. Forests. 2: 730-740.
Publications & Products
- Hoover, Coeli M.; Heath, Linda S. 2014. A commentary on 'mineral soil carbon fluxes in forests and implications for carbon balance assessments': a deeper look at the data. GCB Bioenergy. 2014: 12130.
- MacLean, Richard G.; Ducey, Mark J.; Hoover, Coeli M. 2014. A comparison of carbon stock estimates and projections for the northeastern United States. Forest Science. 60(2): 206-213.
- Breidt, Jay; Ogle, Stephen M.; Powers, Wendy; Hoover, Coeli. 2014. Chapter 8: Uncertainty assessment for quantifying greenhouse gas sources and sinks. In: Eve, M.; Pape, D.; Flugge, M.; Steele, R.; Man, D.; Riley-Gilbert, M.; Biggar, S. Quantifying greenhouse gas fluxes in agriculture and forestry: Methods for entity-scale inventory. Tech. Bull. 1939. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the Chief Economist: 8-1-8.57.
- Hoover, Coeli M.; Beukema, Sarah J.; Robinson, Donald C.E.; Kellock, Katherine M.; Abraham, Diana A. 2014. PRESTO: online calculation of carbon in harvested wood products. GTR-NRS-141. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 20 p.
- Cole, Jason A.; Johnson, Kristopher D.; Birdsey, Richard A.; Pan, Yude; Wayson, Craig A.; McCullough, Kevin; Hoover, Coeli M.; Hollinger, David Y.; Bradford, John B.; Ryan, Michael G.; Kolka, Randall K.; Wieshampel, Peter; Clark, Kenneth L.; Skowronski, Nicholas S.; Hom, John; Ollinger, Scott V.; McNulty, Steven G.; Gavazzi, Michael J. 2013. Database for landscape-scale carbon monitoring sites. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-119. Newtown square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 12 p.
- Hoover, Coeli M.; Smith, James E. 2012. Site productivity and forest carbon stocks in the United States: Analysis and implications for forest offset project planning. Forests. 3: 283-299.
- Hoover, Coeli M. 2011. Measurement, monitoring, and verification: make it work!. Journal of Forestry. December: 475-476. [Response to previously published paper.].
- Hoover, Coeli, M..; Heath, Linda S. 2011. Potential gains in storage on productive forestlands in the northeastern United Sates through stocking management. Ecological Applications. 21(4): 1154-1161.
- Iverson, Louis; Prasad, Anantha; Matthews, Stephen; Peters, Matthew; Hoover, Ceoli. 2010. Potential changes in habitat suitability under climate change: lessons learned from 15 years of species modelling. In: Proceedings, XIII World Forestry Congress; 2009 October 18-23; Buenos Aires. Argentina.[Place of publication unknown]: World Forestry Congress: 1-10.
- Hoover, Coeli M. 2010. Using existing thinning studies to investigate the carbon consequences of thinning: learning from the past to craft the future. In: Adams, M.B.; McNeel, J.; Rodriguez-Franco, C., comps. 2010. Meeting current and future conservation challenges through the synthesis of long-term silviculture and range management research. Gen. Tech. Rep. WO-84. Washington, DC: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 25-35.
- Hoover, Coeli, M. 2008. Preface. In: Hoover, Coeli M., ed. Field measurements for forest carbon monitoring: A landscape-scale approach. New York, NY: Springer Science + Business Media: v-viii.
- Hoover, Coeli; Rebain, Stephanie. 2008. The Kane Experimental Forest carbon inventory: Carbon reporting with FVS. In: Havis, Robert N.; Crookston, Nicholas L., comps. 2008. Third Forest Vegetation Simulator Conference; 2007 February 13-15; Fort Collins, CO. Proceedings RMRS-P-54. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 17-22.
- Hoover, Coeli; Stout, Susan. 2007. The carbon consequences of thinning techniques: stand structure makes a difference. Journal of Forestry. July/August: 266-270.
- Stout, Susan L.; Hoover, Coeli M.; Ristau, Todd E. 2006. Listening to old beech and young cherry trees - long-term research in the Alleghenies. In: Irland, Lloyd C.; Camp, Ann E.; Brissette, John C.; and Donohew, Zachary R., eds. Long-term Silvicultural & Ecological Studies: Results for Science and Management. New Haven, CT: Yale University: 10-25.
- Hoover, Coeli M. 2005. Carbon Storage in Northeastern US Forest Soils. In: Kenefic, Laura S.; Twery, Mark J., eds. Changing Forests - Challenging Times: Proceedings of the New England Society of American Foresters 85th Winter Meeting; 2005 March 16-18; Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-325. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station: 17.
- Birdsey, R.; Hollinger, D.; Heath, L.; Hoover, C.; Kolka, R.; Smith, M. L.; Ryan, M. 2003. Pilot Studies for Enhanced Forest Land Measurement. North American Carbon Program, NACP_Intensive_WP_004. 9 p.
- Hoover, Coeli M. 2003. Soil carbon sequestration and forest management: challenges and opportunities. In: Kimble, J. M.; Heath, Linda S.; Birdsey, Richard A.; Lal, R., eds. The potential of U.S. forest soils to sequester carbon and mitigate the greenhouse effect. CRC Publishing: Boca Raton, FL. 211-238.
- Hoover, C.M.; Magrini, K.A.; Evans, R.J. 2002. Soil carbon content and character in an old-growth forest in northwestern Pennsylvania: a case study introducing pyrolysis molecular beam mass spectrometry (py-MBMS). Environmental Pollution. 116: S269-S275.
- Magrini, K.A.; Evans, R.J.; Hoover, C.M.; Elam, C.C.; Davis, M.F. 2002. Use of pyrolysis molecular beam mass spectrometry (py-MBMS) to characterize forest soil carbon: method and preliminary results. Environmental Pollution. 116: S255-S268.
- Conkling, Barbara L.; Hoover, Coeli M.; Smith, William D.; Palmer, Craig J. 2002. Using forest health monitoring data to integrate above and below ground carbon information. Environmental Pollution. 116: S221-S232.
- Hoover, Coeli M.; Birdsey, Richard A.; Heath, Linda S.; Stout, Susan L. 2000. How to estimate carbon sequestration on small forest tracts estimate carbon sequestration on small forest tracts. Journal of Forestry. September: 13-19.
National Research Highlights
Estimating Greenhouse Gas Fluxes in Managed Forests (2014)
Forests have an important role in reducing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Forest Service scientists wrote the forestry chapter in a recent U.S. Department of Agriculture report describing methods to quantify changes in greenhouse gas emissions and carbon storage resulting from changes in management practices.
Scientists Measure Carbon Storage in New England Old-Growth Forests (2013)
Managing forests to store carbon is one way to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Measuring carbon in old-growth forests helps managers understand the potential of forests to store more carbon. Forest Service scientists working with their colleagues in the National Forest Systems found that old-growth softwood forests contained 25 percent more carbon than old-growth hardwoods, and that old-growth hardwood forests have about the same amount of carbon as mature second-growth hardwood sites.