Scientists & Staff
Christel C. Kern
Center for Research on Ecosystem Change
5985 Highway K
Rhinelander, Wisconsin 54501-9128
- Plant community and tree regeneration under variable retention harvests in red pine
- Long-term effects of prescribed fire on soils, fuels, vegetaton, and productivity of red pine forests
- Global Study of Forest Influence on Plant and Beetle Communities in Harvest Areas
- Adaptive Silvilculture for Climate Change in Northern, Dry Pine Forest Communities
- Restoration of Barrens, Savannahs, Woodlands, and Forests of Northern Dry Pine Forests
- Cutting Methods in old and second-growth northern hardwoods
- Role of group or harvest gap size on tree regeneration and plant communities
- Role of microtopography in northern hardwood tree growth, regeneration, and diversity
- Short and long term influence of conventional and ecological forestry approaches on forest structure and composition
- Functional diversity of understory plant communities response to silvicultural treatments
- Adaptive silviculture for changing conditions
Why This Research is Important
Long term perspectives on a variety of approaches to forest management are exceptionally important as environmental conditions and societal values continue to change. My work focuses on ecological underpinnings of plant community dynamics in managed forests both at present and retrospectively over past decades. Analysis of past work provides a rare insight into long term trends and responses that cannot be detected in a short term study or even during one's career! In light of this, I have the fortunate opportunity to study decades of silvicultural research from earlier scientists to evaluate impacts on complex issues such as forest sustainability and ecosystem integrity. These research results will provide information and tools to adapt silvicultural systems to the changing needs of the future.
- University of Minnesota, Ph.D. Natural Resource Science and Management, 2011
- University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, M.S. Natural Resources, 2000
- University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, B.S. Biology, 1997
- Arbeitsgemeinschaft Naturgemäße Waldwirtschaft, Honorary Member (2014 - Current)
- Ecological Society of America, Member (2014 - Current)
- Prosilva, Germany (2014 - Current)
- Certified Silviculturist, Usda Fs Eastern Region (2006 - Current)
- Society of American Foresters, Member (2001 - Current)
Featured Publications & Products
- Kern, Christel; Erdmann, Gus; Kenefic, Laura; Palik, Brian; Strong, Terry. 2014. Development of the selection system in northern hardwood forests of the Lake States: an 80-year silviculture research legacy. In: Hayes, D.C.; Stout, S.L.; Crawford, R.H.; Hoover, A.P., eds. USDA Forest Service experimental forests and ranges research for the long term. New York, NY: Springer: 201-223.
- Kern, Christel C.; D’Amato, Anthony W.; Strong, Terry F. 2013. Diversifying the composition and structure of managed late-successional forests with harvest gaps: What is the optimal gap size?. Forest Ecology and Management. 304: 110-120.
- Kern, Cristel C.; Reich, Peter B.; Montgomery, Rebecca A.; Strong, Terry F. 2012. Do deer and shrubs override canopy gap size effects on growth and survival of yellow birch, northern red oak, eastern white pine, and eastern hemlock seedlings?. Forest Ecology and Management. 267: 134-143.
- Kern, Christel C.; Montgomery, Rebecca A.; Reich, Peter B.; Strong, Terry F. 2014. Harvest-created canopy gaps increase species and functional trait diversity of the forest ground-layer community. Forest Science. 60(2): 335-344.
- Kern, Christel C.; Montgomery, Rebecca A.; Reich, Peter B.; Strong, Terry F. 2013. Canopy gap size influences niche partitioning of the ground-layer plant community in a northern temperate forest. Journal of plant Ecology. 6(1): 101-112.
Publications & Products
- Baker, Susan C.; Halpern, Charles B.; Wardlaw, Timothy J.; Kern, Christel; Edgar, Graham J.; Thomson, Russell J.; Bigley, Richard E.; Franklin, Jerry F.; Gandhi, Kamal J.K.; Gustafsson, Lena; Johnson, Samuel; Palik, Brian J.; Spies, Thomas A.; Steel, Ashley; Weslien, Jan; Strengbom, Joachim. 2016. A cross-continental comparison of plant and beetle responses to retention of forest patches during timber harvest. Ecological Applications. http://dx.doi,org/10.1002/eap.1406.
- Kern, Christel C.; Burton, Julia I.; Raymond, Patricia; D'Amato, Anthony W.; Keeton, William S.; Royo, Alex; Walters, Michael B.; Webster, Christopher R.; Willis, John L. 2016. Challenges facing gap-based silviculture and possible solutions for mesic northern forests in North America. Forestry. http://dx.doi.org/.doi:10.1093/forestry/cpw024.
- Scherer, Sawyer S.; D'Amato, Anthony W.; Kern, Christel C.; Palik, Brian J.; Russell, Matthew B. 2016. Long-term impacts of prescribed fire on stand structure, growth, mortality, and individual tree vigor in Pinus resinosa forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 368: 7-16.
- Roberts, Margaret W.; D'Amato, Anthony W.; Kern, Christel C.; Palik, Brian J.; Marini, Lorenzo. 2016. Long-term impacts of variable retention harvesting on ground-layer plant communities in Pinus resinosa forests. Journal of Applied Ecology. 53(4): 1106-1116.
- Kern, Christel C.; Kenefic, Laura S.; Stout, Susan L. 2015. Bridging the Gender Gap: The demographics of scientists in the USDA Forest Service and academia. BioScience. 65: 1165-1172.
- Kenefic, Laura S.; Kern, Christel C. 2015. Early northern hardwood silvicultural research at the Dukes Experimental Forest, Michigan. Journal of Forestry. 113(2): 258-261.
- Kenefic, Laura S.; Kern, Christel C.; Brissette, John; Russell, Matthew; Irland, Lloyd; Weiskittel, Aaron; Berven, Kate. 2013. Suggestions for maintaining records for long-term field studies. A supplement to papers by Berven et al. and Kenefic and Kern (this volume). In: Camp, Ann E.; Irland, Lloyd C.; Carroll, Charles J.W. Long-term silvicultural and ecological studies. Results for science and management. Vol. 2. GISF Res. Pap. 013. New Haven, CT: Yale University, Global Institute of Sustainable Forestry: 126-133.
- Kenefic, Laura S.; Kern, Christel C. 2013. The remarkable story of the partial cutting study at the Dukes Experimental Forest. In: Camp, Ann E.; Irland, Lloyd C.; Carroll, Charles J.W. Long-term silvicultural and ecological studies. Results for science and management. Vol. 2. GISF Res. Pap. 013. New Haven, CT: Yale University, Global Institute of Sustainable Forestry: 116-125.
- Ostry, M.E.; Moore, M.J.; Kern, C.C.; Venette, R.C.; Palik, B.J. 2012. Multiple diseases impact survival of pine species planted in red spine stands harvested in spatially variable retention patterns. Forest Ecology and Management. 286: 66-72.
- Kern, Christel C. 2012. Values and limitations of applied science in the real world [book review]. Journal of Forestry. 110(5): 287.
- D'Amato, Anthony W.; Palik, Brian J.; Kern, Christel C. 2010. Growth, yield, and structure of extended rotation Pinus resinosa stands in Minnesota, USA. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 40: 1000-1010.
- Kern, Cristel C.; Palik, Brian J.; Strong, Terry F. 2006. Ground-layer plant community responses to even-age and uneven-age silvicultural treatments in Wisconsin northern hardwood forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 230: 162-170.
- Lugo, Ariel D.; Swanson, Frederick J.; González, Olga Ramos; Adams, Mary Beth; Palik, Brian; Thill, Ronald E.; Brockway, Dale G.; Kern, Christel; Woodsmith, Richard; Musselman, Robert. 2006. Long-term research at the USDA Forest Service's experimental forests and ranges.. BioScience. 56(1): 39-48.
- Palik, Brian J.; Batzer, Darold P.; Kern, Christel. 2005. Upland Forest Linkages to Seasonal Wetlands: Litter Flux, Processing, and Food Quality. Ecosystems 8:1-11.
- Palik, Brian J.; Kern, Christel C.; Mitchell, Robert; Pecot, Stephen. 2005. Using spatially variable overstory retention to restore structural and compositional complexity in pine ecosystems. In: Peterson, Charles E.; Maguire, Douglas A., eds. Balancing Ecosystem Values: Innovative Experiments for sustainable Forestry: Proceedings of a Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-635.Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 285-290.
- Coleman, Mark D.; Friend, Alexander L.; Kern, Christel C. 2004. Carbon allocation and nitrogen acquisition in a developing Populus deltoides plantation. Tree Physiology 24, 1347-1357.
- Coleman, Mark D.; Friend, Alexander L.; Kern, Christel C. 2004. Carbon allocation and nitrogen acquisition in a developing Populus deltoides plantation. Tree Physiology 24:1347-1357.
- Kern, Christel C.; Friend, Alexander L.; Johnson, Jane M.; Coleman, Mark D. 2004. Fine root dynamics in a developing Populus deltoides plantation. Tree Physiology. Volume 24, 2004. pp. 651-660.
- Kern, Christel C.; Friend, Alexander L.; Johnson, Jane M.-F.; Coleman, Mark D. 2004. Fine root dynamics in a developing Populus deltoides plantation. Tree Physiology 24: 651-660.
- Harrington, Constance A.; Kern, Christel C. 2002. Will Garry oak respond to release from overtopping conifers. In: Burton, Philip J. ed., Proceedings: Garry oak ecosystem restoration: Progress and prognosis. Proceedings of the third annual meeting of the British Columbia Chapter of the Society for Ecological Restoration; 2002 April 27-28; Victoria, BC. Victoria BC: University of Victoria: 39-46.